Volume 18, Issue 4 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Summer 2020)                   psj 2020, 18(4): 31-38 | Back to browse issues page

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MSc in Clinical Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardebili University, Ardebil, Iran , fatemehmaghsoudi40@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2488 Views)
Background and Objectives: The most obvious way to change behavior in children is open play therapy. In the past, this method has focused more on the therapist interacting with the child, while some models have approached teaching this method to parents and relying on them as a mediator to repair and improve childrenchr('39')s behaviors. One of these methods is the parent-child relationship play therapy model (CPRT). The aim of this study was to teach play therapy skills based on the parent-child relationship to mothers, in order to reduce behavioral problems in children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
Materials and Methods: In order to investigate this, preschool children aged 6-7 years were evaluated in two stages. In the first phase, 95 children were surveyed by the Child Behavior Inventory (CBCL), of which 27 had behavioral problems and 15 of their mothers were ready to participate in the project. Of these 15 patients, 7 in the experimental group and 8 in the control group were randomly replaced. All of these parents filled out the CBCL questionnaire in the pre-test and post-test stages. The control group waited for treatment and the experimental group participated in a play therapy training program for 10 2-hour sessions. Pre-test and post-test data were compared using Human Whitney test.
Results: The results showed that teaching play therapy skills to mothers reduced behavioral problems in children with ADHD in the experimental group compared to the control group.
Conclusions: Thus, it can be said that teaching mothers play-based play therapy based on the parent-child relationship (according to Landarth model) to mothers, in addition to ADHD childrenchr('39')s behavioral problems in general, two more specific areas of these problems, namely Reduce internal and external problems to a significant level.
     
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry
Received: 2019/11/4 | Accepted: 2019/12/29 | Published: 2020/04/8

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