Volume 19, Issue 4 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Summer 2021)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2021, 19(4): 16-24 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- M.A. in Guidance and Counseling, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Bushehr, Iran
2- PhD Students of Counseling, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
3- Assistant Professor in Measurement, Department of Cognitive Psychology, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran
4- M.A. in Family Counseling, Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran , Counseling91@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2192 Views)
Background and Objectives: Covid-19 has stirred up great anxiety among people from all walks of society, including students. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the contribution of social intelligence and resilience in the prediction of Covid-19-related anxiety in students.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted based on a descriptive correlational design. The statistical population of the study included all male students of Farhangian University of Shahid Bahonar Campus of Birjand in the academic year 2020-2021. A total of 260 volunteer participants were selected by convenience sampling method and participated in the research online. Reliable tools were used to collect the needed information. Data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 24) using the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression.
Results: The obtained results pointed to a negative and significant relationship of  social intelligence and resilience with Covid-19-related anxiety (P<0.01). The results also demonstrated that social intelligence and resilience predict 31.6 and 43.4% of Covid-19-related anxiety changes, respectively.
Conclusions: As evidenced by the results of the current study, the components of social intelligence and resilience perform an effective role in the prediction of Covid-19-related anxiety. Therefore, interventions focused on these components can be an important protective factor in the prevention of this anxiety among students and teachers.
Full-Text [PDF 1066 kb]   (862 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2021/09/6 | Accepted: 2021/09/1 | Published: 2021/09/1

References
1. Meskarpour-Amiri M, Shams L, Nasiri T. Identifying and categorizing the dimensions of Iran's health system response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Military Medicine. 2020;22(2):108-14. (Persian)
2. Yang Y, Shang W, Rao X. Facing the COVID‐19 outbreak: What should we know and what could we do? Journal of Medical Virology. 2020;92(6):536-7. [DOI:10.1002/jmv.25720] [PMID] []
3. Ryu S, Chun BC, Epidemiology KS. An interim review of the epidemiological characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus. Epidemiology and Health. 2020;42:1-4. [DOI:10.4178/epih.e2020006] [PMID] []
4. Shahyad SH, Mohammadi MT. Psychological impacts of Covid-19 outbreak on mental health status of society individuals: a narrative review. Journal of Military Medicine. 2020;22(2):184-92. (Persian)
5. Nishiura H, Jung SM, Linton NM, Kinoshita R, Yang Y, Hayashi K, et al. The extent of transmission of novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, 2020. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. 2020;9:330-5. [DOI:10.3390/jcm9020330] [PMID] []
6. Fiese BH, Celano ME, Deater-Deckard KE, Jouriles EN, Whisman MA. APA handbook of contemporary family psychology: applications and broad impact of family psychology. Massachusetts: American Psychological Association; 2019. P. 21-36. [DOI:10.1037/0000100-000]
7. Alipour A, Ghadami A, Alipour Z, Abdollahzadeh H. Preliminary validation of the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in the Iranian sample. Quarterly Journal of Health Psychology. 2020;8(32):163-75. (Persian)
8. Lou Y, Taylor EP, Di Folco S. Resilience and resilience factors in children in residential care: A systematic review. Children and Youth Services Review. 2018;89:83-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.04.010]
9. Delgado C, Upton D, Ranse K, Furness T, Foster K. Nurses' resilience and the emotional labour of nursing work: An integrative review of empirical literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2017;70:71-88. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.02.008] [PMID]
10. Mealer M, Hodapp R, Conrad D, Dimidjian S, Rothbaum BO, Moss M. Designing a resilience program for critical care nurses. AACN Advanced Critical Care. 2017;28(4):359-65. [DOI:10.4037/aacnacc2017252] [PMID] []
11. Wood B. Role of resilience in buffering the effect of work-school conflict on negative emotional responses and sleep health of college students. Presentation to the UNO Research and Creativity Fair, Omaha, Nebraska; 2019.
12. Eyni S, Ebadi M, Torabi N. Developing a model of Corona anxiety in students based on optimism and resilience: the mediating role of the perceived social support. Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy. 2020;11(43):1-32.
13. Vakili S, Riazi Z, Safarpoor Dehkordi S, Sanagouye Moharer G. The role of positive and negative meta-emotions, religious beliefs and resilience in predicting corona anxiety of patients with type 2 diabetes. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2020;15(4):83-92. (Persian)
14. Farhang D, Asghari MJ, Ghanbary Hashemabady BA. The role of resilience in corona crisis conditions on psychological well-being in Mashhad students mediated by religious orientation. Nafas Journal. 2020;6(4):5. (Persian)
15. Varmaziar F, Amiri Majd M. The predicting children's anxiety based on emotion regulation and resilience during coronavirus outbreaks (Covid-19). The Journal of New Advances in Behavioral Sciences. 2020;5(51):1-13. (Persian)
16. Rahman M. The discriminational role life expectancy, optimism, resilience and well-being psychological as dimensions of positive psychology in prediction fear of disease coronaviruses (Covid2019). The Journal of New Advances in Behavioral Sciences. 2021;5(50):1-18. (Persian)
17. Rahimi H, Eftekhar HS. A study of social intelligence in students at Kashan university of medical sciences during year 2015. Journal of Nursing Education. 2016;5(3):41-6. (Persian) [DOI:10.21859/jne-05036]
18. Silvera D, Martinussen M, Dahl TI. The Tromsø social intelligence scale, a self‐report measure of social intelligence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 2001;42(4):313-9. [DOI:10.1111/1467-9450.00242] [PMID]
19. Rajabi S, Valadbeigi P. Predicting psychological well-being on the basis of spiritual, emotional and social intelligences in Iranian's college students. Frooyesh. 2016;5(1):199-216. (Persian)
20. Ghaffari M, Esmali A. Structural model of death anxiety in soldiers based on social intelligence, moral intelligence and religious orientation. Journal of Police Medicine. 2019;8(4):183-8. (Persian)
21. Naderi F, Roushani KH. The relations between spiritual intelligence, social intelligence and death anxiety in Ahwaz Woman Seniles. Woman and Culture. 2011;2(6):55-67. (Persian)
22. Ajourlou M, Aghabakhshi HA. The relationship between social intelligence and social health among women working in Karaj Welfare Organization in 2014. Social Research. 2017;9(35):124-46. (Persian)
23. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497-506. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5] [PMID]
24. Fard SA, Saffarinia M. The prediction of mental health based on the anxiety and the social cohesion that caused by Coronavirus. Social Psychology Research Quarterly. 2020;9(36):129-41.
25. Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 1970;30(3):607-10. [DOI:10.1177/001316447003000308]
26. Rezaie A. The Tromsø social intelligence scale: factorial structure and reliability of the Persian version of scale in the students population. Journal of Modern Psychological Researches. 2011;5(20):65-82. (Persian)
27. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and Anxiety. 2003;18(2):76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113] [PMID]
28. Keyhani M, Taghvaei D, Rajabi A, Amirpour B. Internal consistency and confirmatory factor analysis of the connor-davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) among nursing female. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2015;14(10):857-65. (Persian)
29. Ghahfarokhi AD, Tayebi B, Saatchian V. The role of social intelligence in explaining the mental health of physical education teachers. World Journal of Environmental Biosciences. 2017;6:86-90.
30. Hooda D, Sharma NR, Yadava A. Social intelligence as a predictor of positive psychological health. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. 2009;35(1):143-50.

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.