Volume 19, Issue 4 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Summer 2021)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2021, 19(4): 33-42 | Back to browse issues page


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1- 1 Ph.D. Student in Educational Psychology, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , drmgolparvar@gmail.com
3- Professor, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (1460 Views)
Background and Objectives: Early childhood care and education has recently attracted much attention for promoting optimal development of children. The present study was administered to evaluate the effectiveness of early childhood care and education on the intelligence of children 2 to 24 months and their mother’s affective capital and parenting stress.
Materials and Methods: A total of 25 participants (50 mothers and children) were selected through purposive sampling for each of the groups of 2 to 12 and 13 to 24 months. The Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale, Affective Capital Questionnaire, and Parenting Stress Questionnaire were used to assess independent variables. Each group of mothers and children received early care and education for 6 weeks. Data were analyzed using a paired samples t-test.
Results: The results indicated that early childhood care and education significantly improved the intelligence of children 2 to 12 and 13 to 24 months by 1.20 and 1.59, and their mothers' affective capital by 25.52 and 12.47, respectively (P<0.01). The observations also suggested that early childhood care and education reduced the parenting stress among mothers of children aged 2 to 24 months by 103.20 and 37.47, respectively (P<0.01).
Conclusions: It is recommended to pay more attention to early childhood care and education in families and kindergartens due to its effectiveness in improving the intelligence of children 2 to 24 months, as well as increasing the affective capital and reducing the stress of parenting in mothers.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2021/09/7 | Accepted: 2021/09/1 | Published: 2021/09/1

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