Volume 20, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Winter 2022)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2022, 20(1): 33-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Department of Educational Psychology, Qaenat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaenat, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3- Department of Psychology, Qaenat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaenat, Iran
Abstract:   (593 Views)
Aims: Promoting social adjustment can improve the developmental skills of preschool children. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of play therapy based on cognitive-behavioral on social adjustment of preschool children.
Instrument & Methods: The quasi-experimental research method was pretest and posttest with a control group with a follow-up period. The statistical population included all preschool children (5 to 6 years) in Bojnourd in the academic year 2019-2020 that 40 people were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group underwent cognitive-behavioral play therapy training in 12 sessions of 90 minutes; but the control group did not receive any training. The social adjustment questionnaire was administered to the subjects before and after the training. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance test at the significance level of 0.05 with SPSS software version 24.
Findings: The results showed that play therapy based on cognitive-behavioral was effective in improving social adjustment of preschool children (p<0.05). And the results continued in the follow-up period (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Teaching play therapy based on cognitive-behavioral to preschool children can be an effective step in promoting their social adjustment.
Full-Text [PDF 605 kb]   (370 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2022/02/22 | Accepted: 2022/03/1 | Published: 2022/03/1

1. Sari LE. The challenges of parental involvement in early childhood inclusion. Jurnal Pendidikan Inklusi. 2020;3(2):92-101.
2. Mosavi HS, Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A. Effectiveness of client-centered play therapy on fear and anxiety in preschool children. community health. 2016;3(4):261-9. [Persian]
3. Bachem R, Casey P. Adjustment disorder: a diagnosis whose time has come. J Affect Disord. 2018;227:243-53.
4. Allison SM. Predictors of social competence among children with epilepsy. The George Washington University; 2004.
5. Graham S. Race/ethnicity and social adjustment of adolescents: How (not if) school diversity matters. Educ Psychol. 2018;53(2):64-77.
6. Mohammadi Shemirani S, Saadipour E, Dortaj F, Ebrahimi Qavam S, Falsafinejad MR. Effectiveness of play-based resilience training package on children's social adjustment. J Res Behav Sci. 2020;18(2):213-26. [Persian]
7. DeRosier ME, Lloyd SW. The impact of children's social adjustment on academic outcomes. Read Writ Q. 2011;27(1-2):25-47.
8. Hallahan DP, Pullen PC, Kauffman JM, Badar J. Exceptional learners. Education. 2020 February.
9. Palmer CG, Boudreault P, Berman BA, Wolfson A, Duarte L, Venne VL, et al. Bilingual approach to online cancer genetics education for deaf American sign language users produces greater knowledge and confidence than English text only: a randomized study. Disabil Health J. 2017;10(1):23-32.
10. Nikneshan S, Golparvar M, Abedi A, nasri p, fatemeh f. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral play therapy (CBPT) and resiliency based play therapy on parenting stress in children with functional abdominal pain. Razi J Med Sci. 2020;27(5):86-97. [Persian]
11. Ghodousi N, Sajedi F, Mirzaie H, Rezasoltani P. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral play therapy on externalizing behavior problems among street and working children. Iranian Rehabil J. 2017;15(4):359-66. [Persian]
12. Ashori M, Dallalzadeh Bidgoli F. The effectiveness of play therapy based on cognitive-behavioral model: behavioral problems and social skills of pre-school children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Arch Rehabil. 2018;19(2):102-15. [Persian]
13. Sarihi N, Pournesaei G, Nikakhlagh M. Effectiveness of group play therapy on behavior problems in preschool children. J Analytic Cognit Psychol. 2015;6(23):35-41. [Persian]
14. Movallali G, Jalil-Abkenar SS, A'shouri M. The efficacy of group play therapy on the social skills of pre-school hearing-impaired children. Arch Rehabil. 2015;16(1):76-85. [Persian]
15. Springer C, Misurell JR, Hiller A. Game-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (GB-CBT) group program for children who have experienced sexual abuse: a three-month follow-up investigation. J Child Sex Abus. 2012;21(6):646-64.
16. Lavasani M, keramati H, Kadivar P. Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral play therapy on social adjustment and educational adaptability of students with reading disorder. J Learn Disabil. 2018;7(3):91-109. [Persian]
17. Karami J, Shafeei B, Heidarisharaf P. Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral play therapy on reforming the social maladjustment of female students with intellectual disabilities. J Except Educ. 2015;3(131):21-30. [Persian]
18. Mohammadi Masiri F, Khodadady A, Tamannaeifar S. A comparison of the effectiveness of child-centered group play therapy and parent group play therapy on correcting social maladaptation and loneliness in preschool children. Think Child. 2021;11(2):257-76. [Persian]
19. Amin Nasab V, Banijamali SA, Hatami H. The effectiveness of cognitive-motor learning training on social adjustment, motor skills and ADHD symptoms reduce in preschool children aged 5 and 6 years. J Psychol Sci. 2019;17(72):883-92. [Persian]
20. Sobhi-Gharamaleki N, Hajloo N, Mohammadi S. The effectiveness of life skill training on Social adjustment in preschool children. J Sch Psychol. 2016;5(3):118-31. [Persian]
21. Maleki M, Chehrzad MM, Kazemnezhad Leyli E, Mardani A, Vaismoradi M. Social skills in preschool children from teachers’ perspectives. Children. 2019;6(5):64.
22. Mazaheri M, Golparvar M, Shaygannezhad V. The effect of group behavioral methods training on social adjustment of children and adolescents with epilepsy. Knowl Res Appl Psychol. 2007;9(33):15-36. [Persian]
23. Oreizy H, Farahani H. Applied research methods in counseling and clinical psychology. Tehran: Danjeh; 2008. [Persian]
24. Dokhanchi A. Standardization of children's social adaptation questionnaire [dissertation]. Tehran: Allameh Tabataba'i University; 1998. [Persian]
25. Rointan P, Heidari A, Eftekhar Saadi Z, Ehteshamzadeh P. Comparing the effects of group play therapy and painting therapy on social adjustment and alienation among children with specific learning disabilities in Kermanshah, Iran. Int J Pediatr. 2021;9(4):11389-99.
26. Safary S, Faramarzi S, Abedi A. Effectiveness of cognitive- behavioral play therapy on behavioral symptoms of disobedient students. Stud Med Sci. 2014;25(3):258-67. [Persian]
27. Zarandi A, Ghodrati S, Vatankhah HR. Cognitive-behavioral game teaching on impulsivity in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Middle East J Disabil Stud. 2019;9:86-95. [Persian]
28. Janatian S, Nouri A, Shafti A, Molavi H, Samavatyan H. Effectiveness of play therapy on the bases of cognitive behavior approach on severity of symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among primary school male students aged 9-11. J Res Behav Sci. 2008;6(2):109-18. [Persian]
29. Kaduson H, Schaefer C. 101 favorite play therapy techniques. unknown city: Jason Aronson, Inc; 2010.
30. Hadipoor S, Akbari B. Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral play therapy on self- efficacy and loneliness of primary school students with learning difficulties. Middle East J Disabil Stud. 2017;7:64-71. [Persian]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.