Instructions for Authors

Instructions for Authors


The Pajouhan Scientific Journal is the official scientific publication of the Students Research Center of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. The purpose of this publication is orientation of researchers and students with new findings of research in all fields of child and adolescent related health medical sciences. The journal's official language is Persian with English abstracts and references. Publication should describe original work, not previously published elsewhere, totally or partly. Manuscript submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. Please follow these instructions carefully to ensure that the review of your manuscript is as efficient as possible.

Manuscript Submission
Online submission is the only mechanism for sending manuscript to the journal. First-users must Create an Account on the navigation menu at the right of the screen. After registration, authors can login and follow the submission process and upload their manuscript. The submission tool generates an automatic reply which incorporates the manuscript code for future correspondence. If there are any problems, please contact Managing Editor through email address.

Article Type

The journal welcomes submissions of various types including Research Articles, Review Articles, Brief Report, Case Report, Systematic Review and Letter to Editor.

A) Original Research Articles: Should be divided into the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement, conflict of interest, references, English abstract and attachments (table and figures or picture). Contributions should not exceed 4000 words in length for research papers adopted from quantitative studies. The length of papers which include a qualitative research study can be just extended by a maximum of 5000 words for the main text (excluding the abstract, tables, figures, references and acknowledgement). The number of references must be kept to a minimum, preferably not exceeding 40, and tables or figures not more than 5 in number.

B) Review Articles: Consist of abstract, introduction, methods, headings and subheadings, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement, conflicts of interest, English abstract and references. Articles bearing on updated topics conducted by proficient researches are more welcome. Review Articles comprise of 50-70 references, at least 3-5 of which are supporting literature on the same topic. The main text does not exceed 5000 words in length.

C) Brief Review: Brief Review are short reports of original research articles or the early results of interventions and are structurally like original research articles. They do not exceed 2000 words in length and include at most 2 tables and 15 references.

D) Case Report: Manuscripts reporting interesting and rare cases may be considered for the publication in this section. Case reports should be limited to 2000 words and 15 references. For case reports, please provide:

Abstract: No more than 150 words include introduction, case presentation, conclusion, key words (3-5).

Introduction: Including background, the reason why the case is important.

Case Presentation: The patient's history, clinical and preclinical findings.

Discussion: The comparison between important findings of present case with other similar cases.

Conclusion: Include final conclude, key points or messages should also be provided at the end of the report.

E) Systematic Review Articles: May appear in Meta-Analysis or Meta synthesis format, and may lack any statistical analyses. They include the same sections as original research articles but are structured like review articles.

F) Letters to Editor: This section of the journal is set aside for critical comments directed to a specific article that has recently been published in the journal. normally include no abstract, tables, or figures. References are not more than 5 and the main text does not include more than 1000 words.


Preparation of Manuscript

The manuscript should be written on plain A4 paper with proper bordering [margins of 25 mm left at the sides, top, and bottom of each page], in a "B Nazanin" 12-point font for Persian and "Times New Roman" 11-point font for English in word 2007 software. The manuscript must be double-spaced and justified throughout. Illustrations (line drawings and photographs) should be submitted in JPEG or GIF format and figures generated in Excel Software. The cover letter, must be enclosed with the article. All submissions should be arranged and submitted as single file including:

Title Page: The title page should be included the following items: type of manuscript, title in Persian and English languages, running title, author(s) name(s) and institutional affiliations including research center, institution, university, and department; corresponding Author's postal address, cell-phone number, and e-mail address; institution phone and fax numbers all written both in English and Persian.

Abstract: Which serves as the synopsis of the entire article is a single paragraph of 250 or fewer words written in Persian and English languages. Abstract should be structured and include the full title, Background and Objectives, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion, and 3-5 key words introduced using Mesh list, Click here to search for Mesh words.
Extended English Abstract: The extended abstract should be written in English and have a maximum of 1000 to 1500 words. It should have subheadings like the main article and emphasize on the methodology and results of the article. The extended abstract should have the following structure: Background and Objectives, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion. In the initial stage of submitting a manuscript, it is not necessary for all submitted manuscripts to have an extended abstract because an extended abstract is required for articles that have been accepted.

Background and Objectives: This should summarize the purpose and rationale of the study and a brief review of the relevant literature. Findings and results should not be referred to here.

Materials and Methods: Contains a clear description of the experimental design and sampling procedures and sufficient details of the methods, date and location of the study, instruments, analytic processes, software version selected, and statistical analyses performed. If the method has been applied somewhere before, the exact reference should be cited; If otherwise, detailed description must be provided.

Results: Must be written in the text, tables, figures and illustrations must be referenced sequentially in the same order as in the text and figures should be colored and high qualify and resolution 100-300 DPI. Repetition of table contents should be avoided. Graphs and figures must be created in Persian. Table footnotes should be typed above the tables while legends to figures should be indicated below the figures. Tables or figures should not exceed 5 in number.

Discussion: Includes data analysis, comparison of the findings with those of other relevant surveys, and limitations of the scope the study. Any hypothesis put forward in the main text must be either accepted or rejected here. Implications for future developments are also proposed in this section.

Conclusion: Involves clear and precise deductions from the results which should not go further beyond the scope of the study.

Ethical Guidelines
If a study has involved any contact with human subjects, authors should state in their Methods section that their institution's review board has approved the study proposal, as well as the manner in which informed consent was obtained from subjects. Authors should follow the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association. Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency. In clinical trials
Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) number is required.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. The authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgments section. Gratitude must be expressed towards all people or institutions which have made any financial or technical contributions to data generation and collection.

Conflict of Interest 
The conflict of interest such as fees or institutional share holdings gained or lost upon paper publication must be disclosed to the editor. Authors must make sure that they have declared any actual or potential competing interest in their manuscript when submitting their work. The corresponding author is responsible for confirming with the co-authors whether they have any financial and non-financial conflicts with regards to the publication of their work. If there is no competing interest, it should be stated that “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”.


All manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant references and the Uniform Vancouver style is required. References must each be numbered, ordered sequentially as they appear in the text, tables, boxes and figures. Arrange references as a simple list at the end of your manuscript in Endnote software. Persian references must be translated to English and marked as (In Persian) at the end. All authors should be listed when six or less; when seven or more, only the first six should be listed and followed by et al. The unpublished data or manuscripts under review should be excluded from the references list.

A) Journal article

Yazdi-Ravandi S, Razavi Y, Haghparast A, Goudarzvand M, Haghparast A. Orexin A induced antinociception in the ventral tegmental area involves D1 and D2 receptors in the nucleus accumbens. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 2014;12(1):1-6.

B) Book

Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. 4th ed. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass Publisher;2008.

C) Book chapter

Greenland S. Introduction to regression modeling. In: Rothman KJ, Greenland S, Lash TL, editors. Modern Epidemiology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2008. pp. 418-455.

D) Dissertation

Bashirian S. Application of the theory of planned behavior to predict drug abuse related behaviors among adolescents [Ph.D. Thesis]. Tehran:Tarbiat Modares University;2011.

E) Abstract             

Joffe M, Santanna J, Feldman H. Partially marginal structural models for causal inference [Abstract]. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2001;153(suppl):S261.

F) Conference               

Poorolajal J, Mahmoodi M, Haghdoost A, Majdzadeh R, Nasseri-Moghaddam S, Fotouhi A, et al. Long-term protection provided by hepatitis B vaccine and need for booster dose: a meta-analysis. EPS Global-Shanghai 1st International Biomedicine Forum; September 10 - September 11; Shanghai 2010.

G) Web page

Chan M. Progress in public health during the previous decade and major challenges ahead. WHO Web Site; 2014 [updated 18 January, 2014; cited 10 January, 2014]; Available from:


Conventional abbreviations should be used instead of full words. Define the abbreviated forms fully upon their first in-text application. Avoid using abbreviated words in the title or abstract.

Final Proofs

To avoid typographical errors, the article is returned to the corresponding author to be proof-read before the final submission.

Publication Expenses
There are no charges for publication in this journal.

Page Charges

There are no charges for publication in this Journal.

Copyright Notice 
The journal articles are under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Under this license, we retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publisher. For any reuse of redistribution of a work, users must also make clear the license terms under which the work was published. This broad license was developed to facilitate free access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works, of all types. Applying this standard license to your own work will ensure that it is freely and openly available in perpetuity.

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