Volume 19, Issue 3 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Spring 2021)                   psj 2021, 19(3): 56-64 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3- Ph.D. Student in Educational Psychology, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , omidebrahimi660@gmail.com
Abstract:   (259 Views)
Background and Objective: Today, different teaching approaches have been offered to solve word problems. Schema-based instruction is one of these new approaches. This study aimed to identify and determine the nature, stages, research evidence, and effectiveness of schema-based instruction on resolving students’ word problems.
Materials and Methods: This is a review study. Studies and resources related to the study titles were found searching such keywords as “Schema”, “Schema-Based Instruction”, “Word Problems”, “Story Problems”, and “Problem Solving” in internal and external databases, such as Pubmed, Springer, Scopus, ProQuest, Elsevier, Science Direct,  Google Scholar,  Magiran,  SID in the article abstracts from 2009 to 2019.
Results: Based on the findings, the schema-based instruction on word problem-solving consists of four stages including problem structure identification, visual representation, problem-solving, and metacognitive strategies that can enhance the problem-solving performance of students with math learning disorders through the promotion of their conceptual and procedural knowledge.
Conclusion: The schema-based instruction has been designed to eliminate the existing shortcomings in the methods of teaching to students with a specific learning disorder in the subject of mathematics and can be helpful to teachers, parents, and professionals working in the field of special learning disorders.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2021/06/14 | Accepted: 2021/05/31 | Published: 2021/05/31

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