publication Ethics

 | Post date: 2018/02/14 | 

The publication of an article in a peer reviewed journal is an essential model for the Pajouhan Scientific Journal .

 It is necessary to agree upon the standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. Our ethic statements are based on the Best Practice Guidelines of COPE for Journal Editors.

Section A: Publication and authorship

1. All submitted papers are subject to strict peer-review process by at least two international reviewers that are experts in the area of the particular paper. Reviewers are being selected by Associate Editors and Editor in Chief. Author also can propose reviewers for some journals and article types.

2. The factors that are taken into account in review are relevance, originality, readability, statistical validity and language.

3. The possible decisions include acceptance, minor revisions, major revision or rejection.

4. If authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted.

5. Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed.

6. The paper acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

7. No research can be included in more than one publication, whether within the same journal or in another journal.

Section B: Authors' responsibilities

1. Authors must certify that their manuscript is their original work.

2. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere, or even submitted and been in reviewed in another journal.

3. Authors must participate in the peer review process and follow the comments.

4. Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

5. All Authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. Level of their contribution also must be defined in the “Authors’ Contributions” section of the article.

6. Authors must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.

7. Authors must notify the Editors of any conflicts of interest.

8. Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.

9. Authors must report any errors they discover in their published paper to the Editors.

10. Authors must not use irrelevant sources that may help other researches/journals.

11. Authors cannot withdraw their articles within the review process or after submission, or they must pay the penalty defined by the publisher.

Section C: Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers

1. Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.

2. Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author. No self-knowledge of the author(s) must affect their comments and decision.

3. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in 500 to 1000 words.

4. Reviewers may identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.

5. Reviewers should also call to the Editor in Chief's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

6. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Section D: Editorial responsibilities

1. Editors (Associate Editors or Editor in Chief) have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.

2. Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication.

3. Editors should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when attempting to improve the publication.

4. Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.

5. Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

6. Editors should have a clear picture of a research's funding sources.

7. Editors should base their decisions solely on the papers' importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the publication's scope.

8. Editors should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous editors without serious reason.

9. Editors should preserve the anonymity of reviewers (in half-blind peer review journals).

10. Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to internationally accepted ethical guidelines.

11. Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain.

12. Editors should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.

13. Editors should not reject papers based on suspicions; they should have proof of misconduct.

14. Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members.

15. Editors must not change their decision after submitting a decision (especially after reject or accept) unless they have a serious reason.

Section E: Publishing Ethics Issues

1. All editorial members, reviewers, and authors must confirm and obey rules defined by COPE.

2. The Corresponding author is the main owner of the article so she/he can withdraw the article when it is incomplete (before entering the review process or when a revision is asked for).

3. Authors cannot make major changes in the article after acceptance without a serious reason.

4. All editorial members and authors must will to publish any kind of corrections honestly and completely.

5. Any notes of plagiarism, fraudulent data, or any other kinds of fraud must be reported completely to COPE.

It is necessary to disclose information on financial conflicts of interest or other interests with the possibility of affecting the manuscript at the time of submission by the authors. The sources of financial support for the project should also be declared by the authors.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Conflicts of Interest
It is necessary to disclose information on financial conflicts of interest or other interests with the possibility of affecting the manuscript at the time of submission by the authors. The sources of financial support for the project should also be declared by the authors.

After Publication
The authors are allowed to announce and distribute the paper in their community circles after it is published online. Regarding the implementation of low-cost and environmental-friendly policies, as well as online Open Access publishing, the papers cannot be printed for authors. If the authors require the printed version, they have to request and order it with each journal’s Managing Editor. It should be noted that the print products are charged.

Journal's policy on plagiarism
If a manuscript is found to be under plagiarism, the author/authors will be blacklisted, and if their manuscript was published, it will be archived as a plagiarism article.

 
 Examples of authors' violation of publication ethics:
1. Plagiarism: It refers to deliberate" use of "someone else's language, ideas, or another original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source". Even the use of another person's sentence or previous sentences without mentioning the source is considered plagiarism. All papers submitted to this publication are reviewed by plagiarism checker software.
 
2. Data fabrication and distortion: Fabrication signifies the case that the researcher has not conducted any study in practice but provided data and conclusion. Distortion occurs when a study is performed; nonetheless, the data and results are reported with alterations.
3. Concurrent submission: When a manuscript is sent to two journals simultaneously.
 
4. Duplicate submission: It occurs when two or more manuscripts have the same hypotheses, data, and results.
 
5. Redundant publication (also described as 'salami publishing'): this refers to the situation that one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals.
6. Author misrepresentation: All authors must have made substantial intellectual contributions to the study.
 
7. Reference manipulation: When several references are mentioned; however, they are not mentioned in the content of the text.


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