Volume 19, Issue 3 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Spring 2021)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2021, 19(3): 41-47 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mashhadi M, Nasiri M, Khalili M, Shadi D. Study of Sleep Habits and its Effective Factors in Children Admitted to the Pediatric Wards of Besat Hospital in Hamadan. Pajouhan Sci J 2021; 19 (3) :41-47
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-724-en.html
1- Instructor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Nursing Expert, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Instructor, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
4- Master of Pediatric Nursing, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , shadidanyal@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1596 Views)
Background and Objective: Sleep problems can result in a wide range of negative consequences, including inattention and behavioral problems, such as irritability, emotional instability, hyperactivity, as well as poor academic performance. The present study aimed to investigate sleep habits and effective factors influencing them among children admitted to the pediatric wards of Be’sat Hospital in Hamadan in 2019.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 children admitted to the pediatric wards of Be’sat Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Sampling was performed via convenience method in different shifts based on inclusion criteria. Data were collected and completed using Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire and demographic information form in the form of interviews with children and parents. Data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 23) using t-test and chi-square.
Results: Based on the obtained results,  15.5%, 69.95%, and 14.55% of the children had good poor had very poor sleep habits, respectively. There was a statistically significant relationship between sleep time and daytime sleepiness (P=0.000) so that children who slept late were more sleepy during the day. There was a statistically significant relationship between sleepiness and waking up in the morning (P=0.000) so that children who woke up early were more sleepy during the day. There was a statistically significant relationship between sleepiness and sleeping behavior (P=0.000) so that children who did not have a proper sleep-wake pattern were more sleepy during the day. There was a statistically significant relationship between mother's education and waking up (P=0.000) so that children whose mothers had an academic education had a better sleep-wake patterns and their waking time was later than other children.
Conclusion: As evidenced by the results of the present study, children's sleep habits are influenced by various factors, such as parents 'sleep habits, parents' hours of sleep, and waking up  time.
Keywords: Awake, Child, Sleep Habits
Full-Text [PDF 1030 kb]   (1768 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2021/06/14 | Accepted: 2021/05/31 | Published: 2021/05/31

References
1. Arab M, Tirgari B, Abazari F, Hadid A. The effect of using anesthesia evaporative spray on pain intensity associated with intravenous injection in hospitalized children in Imam Reza Hospital in Sirjan. Medical Surgical Nursing Journal. 2015;4(1):11-5.
2. Carter JC, Wrede JE. Overview of sleep and sleep disorders in infancy and childhood. Pediatric Annals. 2017;46(4):e133-8. [DOI:10.3928/19382359-20170316-02]
3. Gruber R, Somerville G, Enros P, Paquin S, Kestler M, Gillies-Poitras E. Sleep efficiency (but not sleep duration) of healthy school-age children is associated with grades in math and languages. Sleep Medicine. 2014;15(12):1517-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.sleep.2014.08.009] [PMID]
4. Torrijos-Niño CE, Pardo-Guijarro MJ, Martínez-Vizcaíno V, Solera-Martínez M, Lucas-de la Cruz L, Sánchez-López M. Sleep patterns and sleep problems in a sample of Spanish school children. Sleep and Biological Rhythms. 2020; 18(4):331-41. [DOI:10.1007/s41105-020-00277-7]
5. Thorleifsdottir B, Björnsson J, Benediktsdottir B, Gislason T, Kristbjarnarson H. Sleep and sleep habits from childhood to young adulthood over a 10-year period. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2002;53(1):529-37. [DOI:10.1016/S0022-3999(02)00444-0] [PMID]
6. Ophoff D, Slaats M, Boudewyns A, Glazemakers I, Van Hoorenbeeck K, Verhulst S. Sleep disorders during childhood: a practical review. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2018;177(5):641-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00431-018-3116-z] [PMID]
7. Maski K, Owens JA. Insomnia, parasomnias, and narcolepsy in children: clinical features, diagnosis, and management. The Lancet Neurology. 2016;15(11):1170-81. [DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(16)30204-6] [PMID]
8. Bhargava S. Diagnosis and management of common sleep problems in children. Pediatrics in Review-Elk Grove.2011;32(3):91. [DOI:10.1542/pir.32.3.91] [PMID]
9. Roumelioti ME, Wentz A, Schneider MF, Gerson AC, Hooper S, Benfield M, et al. Sleep and fatigue symptoms in children and adolescents with CKD: a cross-sectional analysis from the chronic kidney disease in children (CKiD) study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2010; 55(2):269-80. [DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.09.021] [PMID] []
10. Komada Y, Adachi N, Matsuura N, Mizuno K, Hirose K, Aritomi R, et al. Irregular sleep habits of parents are associated with increased sleep problems and daytime sleepiness of children. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. 2009;219(2):85-9. [DOI:10.1620/tjem.219.85] [PMID]
11. van Litsenburg RRL, Waumans RC, van den Berg G, Gemke RJ. Sleep habits and sleep disturbances in Dutch children: a population-based study. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2010;169(8):1009-15. [DOI:10.1007/s00431-010-1169-8] [PMID] []
12. Ozgoli G, Sheikhan Z, Soleimani F, Nasiri M, Mirzaee S, Kavousi F, et al. A study of effectivefactors on sleep disorders in 4-6years old children in Tehran city, Iran. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal. 2015;9(5):50-60.
13. Sweileh WM, Ali IA, Sawalha AF, Abu-Taha AS, Sa'ed HZ, Al-Jabi SW. Sleep habits and sleep problems among Palestinian students. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2011;5(1):1-8. [DOI:10.1186/1753-2000-5-25] [PMID] []
14. Liu R, Dong H, Wang Y, Lu X, Li Y, Xun G, et al. Sleep problems of children with autism may independently affect parental quality of life. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 2021;52:488-99. [DOI:10.1007/s10578-020-01035-z] [PMID]
15. Lukowski AF, Slonecker EM, Milojevich HM. Sleep problems and recall memory in children with Down syndrome and typically developing controls. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2020;96:103512. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103512] [PMID] []
16. Shoghy M, Khanjari S, Farmany F, Hosseini F. Sleep habits of school age children. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2005; 18(41):131-8.
17. Yousef GM, Shafipoor Z, Paryad E, Atrkare RZ. A study of sleep habits of the students of primary schools of Rasht city from parents, point of view. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery. 2009:20(62):40-5.
18. Shamsaei F, Ahmadinia H, Seif M, Khalili A. Sleep habits of primary school students of Nahavand city from the point of view of parents. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal. 2018;12(8):78-85. [DOI:10.29252/qums.12.8.78]
19. Khazaie T, Portaghali P, Jamali O, Khazaie S, Miri N, Sarhadi S, et al. Sleep pattern and common sleep problems of school children in Birjand. Modern Care Journal.2012;9(3):257-63.
20. Tan E, Healey D, Gray AR, Galland BC. Sleep hygiene intervention for youth aged 10 to 18 years with problematic sleep: a before-after pilot study. BMC Pediatrics. 2012; 12(1):1-9. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-12-189] [PMID] []
21. Amin Shokravi F, Hakim Shooshtari M, Shahhatami H. The impact of a sleep hygiene intervention on sleep habits in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. International Journal of Pediatrics. 2016;4(12):4117-26.
22. Hiscock H, Sciberras E, Mensah F, Gerner B, Efron D, Khano S, et al. Impact of a behavioural sleep intervention on symptoms and sleep in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and parental mental health: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2015;350:h68. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.h68] [PMID] []
23. Surani S, Hesselbacher S, Surani S, Sadasiva S, Surani Z, Surani SS, et al. Sleep habits of elementary and middle school children in South Texas. Sleep Disorders. 2015;2015:179103. [DOI:10.1155/2015/179103] [PMID] []
24. Hawkins SS, Takeuchi DT. Social determinants of inadequate sleep in US children and adolescents. Public Health. 2016;138:119-26. [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2016.03.036] [PMID] []
25. Iwadare Y, Kamei Y, Oiji A, Doi Y, Usami M, Kodaira M, et al. Study of the sleep patterns, sleep habits, and sleep problems in Japanese elementary school children using the CSHQ-J. Kitasato Medical Journal. 2013;43:31-7.
26. Lucas‐de la Cruz L, Martínez‐Vizcaino V, Álvarez‐Bueno C, Arias‐Palencia N, Sánchez‐López M, Notario‐Pacheco B. Reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ‐SP) in schoolage children. Child: Care, Health and Development. 2016;42(5):675-82. [DOI:10.1111/cch.12357] [PMID]
27. Steinsbekk S, Wichstrøm L. Stability of sleep disorders from preschool to first grade and their bidirectional relationship with psychiatric symptoms. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2015;36(4):243-51. [DOI:10.1097/DBP.0000000000000134] [PMID]
28. Khazaie T, Portaghali P, Jamali O, Khazaie S, Miri N, Sarhadi S, et al. Sleep pattern and common sleep problems of school children in Birjand. Modern Care Journal. 2013;9(3):257-63.
29. Yousef GM, Shafipoor Z, Paryad E, Atrkare RZ. A study of sleep habits of the students of primary school of Rasht city from parent's point view. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery. 2009;20(62):40 5.
30. Quach J, Hiscock H, Wake M. Sleep problems and mental health in primary school new entrants: cross‐sectional community‐based study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2012;48(12):1076-81. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2012.02466.x] [PMID]
31. Astill RG, Van der Heijden KB, Van IJzendoorn MH, Van Someren EJ. Sleep, cognition, and behavioral problems in school-age children: a century of research meta-analyzed. Psychological Bulletin. 2012;138(6):1109. [DOI:10.1037/a0028204] [PMID]
32. Suzuki H, Kaneita Y, Osaki Y, Minowa M, Kanda H, Suzuki K, et al. Clarification of the factor structure of the 12-item general health questionnaire among Japanese adolescents and associated sleep status. Psychiatry Research. 2011; 188(1):138-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2010.10.025] [PMID]
33. Meijer AM, Reitz E, Dekovic M, van den Wittenboer GL, Stoel RD. Longitudinal relations between sleep quality, time in bed and adolescent problem behaviour. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 2010; 51(11):1278-86. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02261.x] [PMID]
34. Bos SC, Gomes A, Clemente V, Marques M, Pereira AT, Maia B, et al. Sleep and behavioral/emotional problems in children: a population-based study. Sleep Medicine. 2009;10(1):66-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.sleep.2007.10.020] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb