Volume 18, Issue 2 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Winter 2020)                   psj 2020, 18(2): 58-63 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Parsa P, Aghababaii S, llah Roshanaei G, Rahmani S. Cervical Cancer Screening in Postmenopausal Women Referring to Hamadan Comprehensive Health Centers. psj. 2020; 18 (2) :58-63
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-557-en.html
1- Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Maternal and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , aghababaii@yahoo.com
3- Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (1042 Views)
Background and Objective: Cervical cancer is the sixth most common cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women. Therefore, the importance of screening programs such as cervical screening tests in the early diagnosis of this disease is highlighted. Therefore, the present study aimed to screen cervical cancer in postmenopausal women referred to comprehensive health services centers of Hamadan.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 108 postmenopausal women referred to the comprehensive health services centers of Hamadan were selected through cluster sampling in 1397. In this study, data were collected by interviewing women based on a researcher-made questionnaire consisted of two parts. After data collection, data were analyzed using SPSS24 software and the significance level of tests was 5%.
Results: Results showed that the mean age of participants was 55.39 + 3.71. The mean number of Pap smears performed by women was 2.21 + 1.71 times. Also, 29.6% of women had Pap smear tests. 27.8% of women referred to health centers or doctors for information about Pap smear tests. 18.5% of women had Pap smear tests regularly. 13.9% of women went to health centers or doctors to find out about the results of Pap smear tests. 10.2% referred to a physician for treatment if they suspected Pap smear results. There was a significant relationship between the number of deliveries and duration of menopause with screening (P<0.05). But there was no statistically significant relationship between other variables with screening (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it is recommended to train women in cervical cancer and its screening method at the appropriate time in counseling centers and comprehensive health services. Adequate awareness of women about early diagnosis is recommended. It is also recommended that research be done with a larger sample size, and interventions to screen for cervical cancer and preventive behaviors.
Full-Text [PDF 599 kb]   (69 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2019/12/16 | Accepted: 2020/02/5 | Published: 2020/01/10

1. 1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, et al. Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012. International journal of cancer. 2015;136(5):359-386. [DOI]
2. 2. Asonganyi E, Vaghasia M, Rodrigues C, Phadtare A, Ford A, Pietrobon R. Factors affecting compliance with clinical practice guidelines for pap smear screening among healthcare providers in africa: systematic review and meta-summary of 2045 individuals. journalsplosorg. 2013;8(9):71-79 [DOI]
3. 3. Gibbs RS, Karlan BY, Haney AF, Nygaard IE. Danforth's obstetrics and gynecology: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Philadelphia, PA; 2008;3(4): [DOI]
4. 12-19 [DOI]
5. 4. Rastgarimehr B, Afkari M, Solhi M, Taghdisi M, Mansourian M, Shafieyan Z, et al. Relationship between the educational stage of PRECEDE model and quality of life improvement in the elderly affiliated with Tehran culture house for the aged. Iranian Journal of Diabetes Metabolism. 2014; [DOI]
6. 13(6):469-78. [DOI]
7. 5. Pesteei K, Allame M, Amir Khany M, Esmaeel Motlagh M. Clinical guide and executive health program team to provide menopausal services to women 60-45 years. Tehran: Pooneh Publication. 2008;10(17):10-7. [DOI]
8. 6. Mortazavian M, GHorbani A, GHorbaniHesari T. Alcohol Effects of aqueous extracts Violets and its fractions on the proliferation of cervical cancer. Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Iran. 2012;7(2):9-16. [DOI]
9. 7. Bahri N, Yoshany N, Morowatisharifabad M, Noghabi A, Sajjadi M. The effects of menopausal health training for spouses on women's quality of life during menopause transitional period. Menopause. 2016;23(2):183-8. [DOI]
10. 8. Malmir S, Barati M, Jeihooni A, Bashirian S, Hazavehei S. Effect of an educational intervention based on protection motivation theory on preventing cervical cancer among marginalized women in west Iran. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention. 2018;19(3):75-79. [DOI]
11. 9. World Health Organization (WHO). Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs [DOI]
12. 380/en. [Accessed September ,2013]. [DOI]
13. 10. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, Rosso S, Coebergh JW, Comber H, et al. Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: estimates for 40 countries in 2012. Eur J Cancer 2013; 49(6):1374-403. [DOI]
14. 11. Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Cervical cancer. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ [DOI]
15. cancer/cervical/statistics/index.htm [DOI]
16. 12. Krivak THC, Macbroom JW, Elkas JC. Cervical and Vaginal Cancer. In: Berek JS, editors. Novak’s Gynecology. Th ed.Philadelphia: Williams and Wilkins; 2002, 1199-232. [DOI]
17. 13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gynecologic Cancers: Cervical cancer risk factors. Page last updated: September 2013. Available from:hattp://www.cdc.gov/cancer/cervical/basic info/risk factors.html. [DOI]
18. 14. Yousefi Z, Sharifi N, Ebrahimzadeh S, Anbiai S.Prevalence of Unsatisfactory in Liquid-Based Method and Current Pap Smear. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences 2008; 9(2):12-16. (Persian) [DOI]
19. 15. Suba EJ, Nguyen CH, Nguyen BD, et al. De novo establishment and cost- effectiveness of Pap anicolaoucytology screening services in the socialist Republic of Vietnam. Cancer 2001; 91(5): 928- 39. [DOI]
20. 16. Nojomi M, Modares M, Erfani A, et al. The frequency of cervical cancer risk factors in women referred to hospitals in Tehran, 2005-2006. J Iran Univ Med Sci 2007; 14(56):189-95. [DOI]
21. 17. Alam M, Mohammad Alizadeh S, Aflatoonian Mr,Azizzadeh M. Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Behvarzes Working In Healthcare .Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences 2007; [DOI]
22. 10(4):379-386. (Persian) [DOI]
23. 18. Jalalvandi M, Khodadostan M. Knowledge and practice of married women about Pap smear. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2005; 18(41):139-44. (Persian) [DOI]
24. 19. Keshavarzian K, Barzegari Z. The Knowledge of Herisian Female about the Cervical Cancer and Pap smear in 2012. Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2014; 36(1): 70-73. [DOI]
25. 20. Hoai Do, Victoria M. Cervical cancer screening among Chinese immigrants in Seattle, Washington. Journal of Immigrant Health. 2001; 3: 15-21 [DOI]
26. 21. Ghahramani Nasab P, Shahnazi M, Farshbaf Khalili A, Ghanbari S. Factors associated with cervical cancer screening in women referring to Tabriz health centers. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. 2014; 89(16):15-24. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb