Volume 18, Issue 4 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Summer 2020)                   psj 2020, 18(4): 46-53 | Back to browse issues page

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Razavi Z, Heydari Moghadam R, Vahidinia A A, Mohammadi Y, Kaviani Fard A, Jahdari A, et al . Diet Habit Correction and Physical Activity in the Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Children. psj. 2020; 18 (4) :46-53
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-586-en.html
1- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of Ergonomics, Occupational Health and Safety Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5- School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
6- Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , Kavianielham377@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1569 Views)
Background and Objectives: Obesity in children as a chronic problem with an increasing prevalence is one of the health problems in the last century. If the path from childhood to adolescent be accompanied by a gradual decline in physical activity and increased consumption of high-calorie foods, it will lead to obesity and a variety of chronic diseases. This study can help plan to reduce the prevalence and complications of this common disorder.
Materials and Methods: This study was performed in pediatric endocrinology clinic of Hamadan Besat hospital. In this study, children between the ages of 8 and 15 years with the BMI greater than 85% were randomly selected. The children were randomly divided into three groups. The first group underwent follow up without intervention. The second group under the appropriate diet plan and the third group were introduced to exercise expert. Changes in height, weight and BMI of all three groups were evaluated during three months.
Results: This study was performed on 97 patients referred to pediatric endocrinology clinic of Hamadan Besat Hospital during 2019-2020. 54.7% of patients were boys and 44.3% were girls. The mean age of the patients was 10.70 ± 2.15 years. Patients were divided into three groups; control (29%), diet group (32%) and physical activity group (36%). BMI was significantly decreased after three months in the diet and physical activity groups, but there was no significant difference between the two groups.
Conclusions: According to the results, with an appropriate diet and physical activity, we can improve overweight and obesity.
Full-Text [PDF 721 kb]   (62 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2020/04/23 | Accepted: 2020/06/17 | Published: 2020/06/14

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