Volume 22, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Winter 2024)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2024, 22(1): 55-67 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 401000042
Ethics code: IR.QUMS.REC.1401.074


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi M, Mohammadi Zeidi I, Maleki M R, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Explaining the Psychological Variables Effective on Pro-Environmental Behavior in the Elementary School Students at Qazvin City: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Pajouhan Sci J 2024; 22 (1) :55-67
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1052-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Non-communicable Disease Prevention Institute, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , easamohammadizeidi@gmail.com
3- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Children Growth Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
4- Nursing and Midwifery Department, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
Abstract:   (307 Views)
Background and Objectives: Students can play an effective role in protecting the environment by changing environment-related beliefs and strengthening responsibility and self-efficacy. The use of behavior change models is a reasonable approach to identifying psychological factors effective on pro-environmental behavior (and is an undeniable necessity before designing cognitive-behavioral interventions. The current study aimed to determine the variables affecting pro-environmental behaviors in elementary school students in Qazvin City using the theory of planned behavior (TPB).
Materials and Methods: Using a multi-stage sampling method, 184 fifth- and sixth-grade students of public elementary schools participated in a cross-sectional study in 2022-2023. The data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire including demographic information, a knowledge scale, and a 20-item questionnaire to assess pro-environmental behaviors and TPB-related subscales. The data were analyzed using LISREL 8.80 software and statistical tests, such as the Chi-square test, independent T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and path analysis at a significant level of less than 0.05.
Results: The status of some behaviors, such as warning about environmental issues, controlling the ambient temperature, using public transportation, and the pattern of watching TV programs were inappropriate. The strongest correlation coefficient was reported between knowledge and attitude (r=0.675, P<0.05) and the weakest between subjective norms and behavior (r=0.235, P<0.01). Moreover, perceived behavioral control (β=0.49, P<0.05) and attitude (β=0.31, P<0.05) formed the most important constructs affecting intention, and 66.7% and 28.5% of the variance of pro-environmental intentions and behaviors was explained by TPB, respectively.
Conclusion: The TPB is considered a suitable and logical theoretical framework for understanding and evaluating psychological variables effective on pro-environmental behavior in students. It is recommended to focus on attitude and perceived behavioral control in designing educational interventions to encourage pro-environmental behaviors.
Full-Text [PDF 1723 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2023/09/24 | Accepted: 2024/01/2 | Published: 2024/03/19

References
1. Karami J, Dehghan F, Mohammadi M. Pro-environmental behavior in Iran using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Heliyon. 2021;7(12): e08424. [DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08424] [PMID] []
2. Fasihi H, Parizadi T. Analyzing household's environmental behavior on solid waste management and its relations with population and housing characteristics (The case: Amlash city, Iran). J Environ Manage. 2021; 292:112686. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112686] [PMID]
3. Estrada-Araoz EG, Gallegos Ramos NA, Paredes Valverde Y, Quispe Herrera R, Mori Bazán J. Examining the Relationship between Environmental Education and Pro-Environmental Behavior in Regular Basic Education Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Social Sciences. 2023; 12(5):307. [DOI:10.3390/socsci12050307]
4. Krettenauer T. Pro-Environmental Behavior and Adolescent Moral Development. J Res Adolesc. 2017;27(3):581-93. [DOI:10.1111/jora.12300] [PMID]
5. Ansarirad P, Safari A, Bashiry oskue F. Environmental Education Needs Assessment for Second Grade Students in District 16 of Tehran.[ In Persian]. Educational and Scholastic studies. 2021; 9(4): 109-27.
6. Gifford R, Nilsson A. Personal and social factors that influence pro-environmental concern and behavior: A review. Int J Psychol.2014; 49: 141-157. [DOI:10.1002/ijop.12034] [PMID]
7. Elliott-Wherry AN, Lee JE, Pearlman AM, Wahls TL. The Wahl's Behavior Change Model for Complex Chronic Diseases: A Clinician's Guide. Degener Neurol Neuromuscul Dis. 2022; 12:111-25. [DOI:10.2147/DNND.S370173] [PMID] []
8. Bosnjak M, Ajzen I, Schmidt P. The Theory of Planned Behavior: Selected Recent Advances and Applications. Eur J Psychol. 2020; 16(3):352-56. [DOI:10.5964/ejop.v16i3.3107] [PMID] []
9. Senkowski V, Gannon C, Branscum P. Behavior Change Techniques Used in Theory of Planned Behavior Physical Activity Interventions Among Older Adults: A Systematic Review. J Aging Phys Act. 2019; 27(5):746-54. [DOI:10.1123/japa.2018-0103] [PMID]
10. Adams C, Gringart E, Strobel N. Explaining adults' mental health help seeking through the lens of the theory of planned behavior: a scoping review. Syst Rev. 2022; 11(1):160. [DOI:10.1186/s13643-022-02034-y] [PMID] []
11. Si H, Shi JG, Tang D, Wen S, Miao W, Duan K. Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Environmental Science: A Comprehensive Bibliometric Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2788. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph16152788] [PMID] []
12. Safa L, Mangeli N, Ganjkhanlo MG. Affecting Factor on Villagers' Pro-Environmental Behavior in Khodabandeh County Based on Theory of Planned Behavior. Environmental Education and Sustainable Development.[ In Persian]. 2018; 6(2): 69-81.
13. Correia E, Sousa S, Viseu C. Leite J. "Using the theory of planned behavior to understand the students' pro-environmental behavior: a case-study in a Portuguese HEI. IJSHE. 2022; 23 (5):1070-89. [DOI:10.1108/IJSHE-05-2021-0201]
14. Yadavar H, Nami M, Zarifiyan S. Applying the Analysis of Planned Behavior Theory on Adoption of Organic Farming.[ In Persian]. J of Agricultural science and Sustainable Production. 2018; 28 (1): 169-183.
15. Hens L, Wiedemann T, Raath S, Stone R, Renders P, Craenhals E. Monitoring environmental management at primary schools in South Africa. J of Cleaner Production .2010; 18:666-77. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.11.001]
16. Ramezani MH. Strategic view of environmental protection education in Iran: necessities bottlenecks. Quarterly Rahbord.[ In Persian]. 2013; 21: 233-57.
17. Almanasreh E, Moles R, Chen T. Evaluation of methods used for estimating content validity. Res Social Adm Pharm.2019; 15 (2): 214-221. [DOI:10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.03.066] [PMID]
18. Nahavandian F, Naeimi A, Ranjbar B. Roles of Environmental Knowledge in Promoting Agricultural Students' Pro-Environmental Behaviors.[ In Persian]. J Agr Sci Tech. 2022; 24 (5):1057-71.
19. Karimi S, Liobikienė G, Saadi H, Sepahvand F. The Influence of Media Usage on Iranian Students' Pro-Environmental Behaviors: An Application of the Extended Theory of Planned Behavior. Sustainability. 2021; 13(15):8299. [DOI:10.3390/su13158299]
20. Elsayed AM, Aneis NN. Goodness of fit indices for different cases. Am. J. Math. Comput. Model. 2021;6(75):10-1648. [DOI:10.11648/j.ajmcm.20210604.12]
21. Hosseini F, Haghighian M, Hashemianfar SA. Sociological Explanation of Environmental Behaviors of the Youth in Tehran. J of Social Sciences Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. 2022; 19(2): 98-67.
22. Namani F, Ismail Nia Shirvani K, Bagherpour M. Designing an Environmental Behavior Model Based on Learning and Social Responsibility Organization (Case Study of Gorgan Secondary School Teachers).[ In Persian]. Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology. 2020; 3 (4):150-160. [DOI:10.52547/ijes.3.4.150]
23. Abdul Latif S, Shukri Omar M, Bidin Y, Awang Z. Role of Environmental Knowledge in Creating Pro-Environmental Residents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 105: 866-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.11.088]
24. Asadi M, Naghizadeh M M, Mazloomi S, Ghazanfari Z. Knowledge, attitude, and responsible environmental behaviors among female secondary school students.[ In Persian]. Payesh. 2018; 17 (6):677-86.
25. Sabzehei MT, Gholipoor S, Adinevand M. A Survey of the Relationship between Environmental Awareness, Attitude and Pro-Environmental Behavior of Female Students at Qom University .[In Persian]. Environmental Education and Sustainable Development. 2016; 4(4): 16-5.
26. Tian H, iu X. Pro-Environmental Behavior Research: Theoretical Progress and Future Directions. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022; 19(11):6721. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph19116721] [PMID] []
27. Meng L, Si W. Pro-Environmental Behavior: Examining the Role of Ecological Value Cognition, Environmental Attitude, and Place Attachment among Rural Farmers in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022; 19(24):17011. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph192417011] [PMID] []
28. Xing Y, Li M, Liao Y. Trust, Identity, and Public-Sphere Pro-Environmental Behavior in China: An Extended Attitude-Behavior-Context Theory. Front Psychol. 2022; 13:919578. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.919578] [PMID] []
29. Eshraghi H. Investigation of social factors affecting environmental behaviors in Tehran. Regional Planning. [In Persian].2022; 12(47): 149-164.
30. Rastegar A, Zargarian N. Providing a Causal Model of the Perception Relationships of Social Support and Environmental Responsibility Based on the Role of Psychological Capital among Secondary School Students. [In Persian]. Environmental Education and Sustainable Development. 2019; 8(1): 73-86.
31. Cao J, Chen J. The Impact of an Authoritarian Personality on Pro-Environmental Behavior for Air Pollution Mitigation through Interactions with Social Norms. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9301. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18179301] [PMID] []
32. Effendi M, Sugandini D, Sukarno A, Kundarto M, Arundati R. The Theory of Planned Behavior and Pro-Environmental Behavior among Students. J of Environmental Management and Tourism. 2020; 11(1), 35-43. [DOI:10.14505//jemt.v11.1(41).05]
33. Ghasemi M, Badsar M, Falahati L. Investigating the Role of Psychological Variables on the Rural Women's Empowerment in Environmental Conservation. Environmental Researches. 2023; 13(26): 335-54.
34. Innocenti M, Santarelli G, Lombardi GS, Ciabini L, Zjalic D, Di Russo M, et al. How Can Climate Change Anxiety Induce Both Pro-Environmental Behaviours and Eco-Paralysis? The Mediating Role of General Self-Efficacy. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023;20(4):3085. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph20043085] [PMID] []
35. de Leeuw A, Valois P, Ajzen I, Schmidt P. Using the theory of planned behavior to identify key beliefs underlying pro-environmental behavior in high-school students: Implications for educational interventions. J of Environmental Psychology. 2015; 42: 128-38. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.03.005]
36. Warsame M, Ireri E. Does the theory of planned behavior (TPB) matter in Sukuk investment decisions? J of Behavioral and Experimental Finance. 2016; 12: 93-100. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbef.2016.10.002]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb