Volume 18, Issue 2 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Winter 2020)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2020, 18(2): 97-106 | Back to browse issues page


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Shourcheh B, Heydari M, Moosivand M, Bashirian S, Farahani F, Masoomi M, et al . Investigate and Compare the Effect of In-person and Teacher-centered Education with Virtual Education in Learning the History of Islamic Culture and Civilization Course of Hamadan Medical Sciences Students. Pajouhan Sci J 2020; 18 (2) :97-106
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-535-en.html
1- Member of Research council, Center for Development of Interdisiciplinary Researches of Islamic Education and Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , shourcheh61@gmail.com
2- Member of Research council, Center for Development of Interdisiciplinary Researches of Islamic Education and Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Ph.D candidate of Government Management, Facuity Member of Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5- Professor, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT), Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
6- Member of Research council, Center for Development of Interdisciplinary Researches of Islamic Education and Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7- Student Research Committee, Iran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5993 Views)
Background and Objective: Innovation, evaluating, and stabilizing the desirable educational practices are important tasks of the educational system. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the effect of in-person and teacher-centered education with virtual education in learning the history of Islamic culture and civilization course of Hamadan Medical Sciences students.
Materials and Methods: This is an applied study in terms of nature and purpose and a quasi-experimental study. The statistical population consisted of 30 female medical students of Medical Sciences University of Hamadan who chose the book of History of Islamic Culture and Civilization in 2018; they were divided into two groups of 15 to participate in the process of in-person and teacher-centered education, and virtual education for teaching and learning Chapter 10 (Introduction to the basics of Iranian traditional medicine) by simple random allocation method. The evaluation criterion in the learning dimension of the course was the score obtained in the test. The validity of the questionnaire of their attitude toward these two educational methods were evaluated by the professors and experts in this field, and its reliability was confirmed by conducting a guide study and calculating the Cronbach's alpha.
Results: The findings indicated that the students' academic test scores in this course, social cohesion and instructor had been in a better position in-person and teacher-centered teaching method. The mean of other elements such as success, negative affection, spontaneity in learning, opportunity and even overall satisfaction in the in-person method had been higher than the virtual teaching method. The findings show that in the virtual teaching method, the mean of social cohesion and students' satisfaction with the course instructor had been lower than the criterion mean.
Conclusion: From the students' point of view, the presence and interaction with the professor is an essential and important element in the teaching and teaching methods that this interaction will lead to the development of relationships and social cohesion between the students and professor. In addition, the high mean of the test scores in the in-person and teacher-centered methods compared to the virtual method can indicate the shared role of the professor and student in learning.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2019/11/4 | Accepted: 2020/03/2 | Published: 2020/01/10

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