Volume 21, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Winter 2023)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2023, 21(1): 40-46 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 980855
Ethics code: IR.KUMS.REC.1398.838

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Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Khashij S, Jalilian F. Maternal Self-efficacy in Oral Health Care of Preschool Children. Pajouhan Sci J 2023; 21 (1) :40-46
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-948-en.html
1- Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2- Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran , f_jalilian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (783 Views)
Background and Objectives: Self-efficacy is an individual's belief in their capacity to reach specific goals and is an important basis for behavior. Mothers play a decisive role in children's Oral Health (OH). The aim of this study was to determine the maternal self-efficacy in OH care of preschool children.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical research was conducted among 652 women with 3 to 6-year-old children in Kermanshah city in 2019. The participants were selected using simple random sampling from among the mothers who referred to health centers. The data was collected by a self-reporting written questionnaire.
Results: Family economic status (ß = 0.179 and P < 0.001), and mother education (ß = 0.104 and P = 0.032) were predictors of maternal self-efficacy in OH care of children. Mothers received about half of the score of the self-efficacy questionnaire. Maternal self-efficacy in OH care was lower when they felt stress, depression, and anxiety.
Conclusions: Mothers obtained about half of the score of the self-efficacy questionnaire. The necessity of developing and implementing interventions to improve maternal self-efficacy in OH care is felt, especially for mothers with lower education and Families with a weaker economic status.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2022/07/31 | Accepted: 2022/09/19 | Published: 2023/03/20

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