Volume 16, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Autumn 2017)                   psj 2017, 16(1): 27-32 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rezapour Esfahani M, Jouybari L, Ghasemzadeh Pirsara P, Rezaee Shahmirzadi A, Mobaseri E, Sanagoo A et al . The Incidence of Preeclampsia and Its Related Factors in Patients Referred to Shahid Sayyad Shirazi Teaching Hospital of Golestan University of Medical Science. psj. 2017; 16 (1) :27-32
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-270-en.html
1- Medical Student, Students Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, PhD in Nursing, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
3- Associate Professor, MD, Obstetrics & Gynecology Specialists, School of Nursing, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
4- Associate Professor, PhD in Nursing, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. , sanagoo@goums.ac.ir
5- Instructor, Operating Room Department, laboratory Sciences Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
Abstract:   (4265 Views)
Background and Objectives: Preeclampsia is the third leading cause of maternal mortality in the world. Despite extensive studies, its etiology remains unknown. Determining the incidence and the risk factors of the disorder in different regions can be useful in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of complications. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of preeclampsia and its related factors in the women admitted to obstetrics and gynecology ward of Shahid Sayyad Shirazi Hospital.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 572 high risk pregnant women referred to obstetrics and gynecology department of Shahid Sayyad Shirazi Teaching Hospital in Gorgan during April to March 2013 were evaluated using valid checklist. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 and descriptive statistics.
Results: Among total of 572 records, 43 women were known preeclampsia cases and 17 of them were eclampsia. The incidence of preeclampsia was 7.51% and ecclampsia was 2.97%. The mean age of hospitalized mothers due to preeclampsia was 29.11 years. 55.8% of mothers were in age range of 26-35 years. Five percents of the mothers had a history of cardiovascular disease and 28.3% had a history of hypertension.
Conclusions: Maternal hospitalization due to preeclampsia was high among other serious pregnancy problems. The prevalence of preeclampsia in our study population was significantly different from global statistics requiring further investigation.
Full-Text [PDF 533 kb]   (1220 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2016/09/11 | Accepted: 2017/10/8 | Published: 2017/11/1

1. 1. WHO. Maternal mortality 2014 [cited 2015]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/. [DOI]
2. 2. WHO. UNFPA, The World Bank, United Nations Population Division. Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2013. Estimates by WHO, UNICEF. UNFPA, The World Bank and the United Nations Population Division. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014. [DOI]
3. 3. WHO. Maternal mortality ratio 2014 [cited 2015]. Available from: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.main.1390. [DOI]
4. 4. Hogan MC, Foreman KJ, Naghavi M, Ahn SY, Wang M, Makela SM, et al. Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980–2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. The lancet. 2010; 375(9726):1609-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60518-1 [DOI]
5. 5. United Nations Millennium Development Goals 2013 [cited 2015]. Available from: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/maternal.shtml [DOI]
6. 6. Ki-Moon B. Global strategy for women’s and children’s health. New York: United Nations. 2010. Available from: http://www.who.int/pmnch/topics/maternal/20100914_gswch_en.pdf [DOI]
7. 7. Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, Tunçalp Ö, Moller A-B, Daniels J, et al. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. The Lancet Global Health. 2014; 2(6):e323-e33. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70227-X [DOI]
8. 8. Amini Nayeeni F. Evaluation of high-risk pregnancy, contributing factors, treatment and its results in Sarem clinic in 1371-74. Feyz. 1999;3(2):72-79. (Persian) [DOI]
9. 9. The Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. Mothers’ health office annual report. 2006. Tehran, Iran. (Persian) [DOI]
10. 10. Sibai BM. Diagnosis and management of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2003;102(1):181-92. PMID:12850627 [DOI]
11. 11. Lowdermilk DL, Perry SE, Cashion MC, Alden KR. Study Guide For Maternity & Women's Health Care. 11th edition. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015. [DOI]
12. 12. Broughton Pipkin F. Risk Factors for Preeclampsia. New England Journal of Medicine. 2001;344(12):925-926. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM200103223441209 [DOI]
13. 13. Aardenburg R, Spaanderman ME, Ekhart TH, Eijndhoven HW, Heijden OW, Peeters LL. Low plasma volume following pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia predisposes for hypertensive disease in a next pregnancy. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2003;110(11):1001-6. PMID:14592585 [DOI]
14. 14. Danforth DN, Gibbs RS. Danforth's obstetrics and gynecology: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008. [DOI]
15. 15. Duley L, editor The global impact of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Semin Perinatol. 2009;33(3):130-7. DOI: 10.1053/j.semperi.2009.02.010. [DOI]
16. 16. Lotfalizadeh M, Khoshsima M. Evaluate the relationship between maternal age and the women with preeclamsia in patients admitted to Imam Reza Hospital. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. 2016: 19(8); 1-5. (Persian) [DOI]
17. 17. Rajaee M, Nikuei P, Nejatizadeh A, Rahimzadeh M, Massoodi M, Abedinejad M, et al . Prevalence of Preeclampsia in Hormozgan Province. Hormozgan Medical Journal. 2015; 18 (6) :460-465. (Persian) [DOI]
18. 18. Safari M, Yzdan panah B. Prevalence of pre-eclampsia and its correlated maternal and fetal complications, Emam Sajjad Hospital, Yasuj, 2001. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2003; 5 (2): 47-53. (Persian) [DOI]
19. 19. Magnus P, Eskild A. Seasonal variation in the occurrence of pre-eclampsia. An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2001; 108(11):1116-9. PMID:11762648 [DOI]
20. 20. Kooffreh M.E, Ekott M, Ekpoudom D.O. The prevalence of pre-eclampsia among pregnant women in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar. Saudi J Health Sci. 2014; 3:133-6. DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.142317 [DOI]
21. 21. Cande VA, Keyes K, Wapner J. Pre-eclampsia rates in the United States, 1980-2010:age-period-cohort analysis. BMJ 2013; 347: 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6564 [DOI]
22. 22. Khojasteh F, Safarzadeh A, Borayri T, Baghban K. Correlation between preeclampsia and season or some of its risk factor pregnant women. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2011; 13 (1): 79-84. (Persian) [DOI]
23. 23. Williams P, Pipkin B, eundem D. The genetics of pre-eclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2011; 25(4-4): 405–417. DOI: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2011.02.007 [DOI]
24. 24. Bodnar LM, Catov JM, Roberts JM. Racial/ethnic differences in the monthly variation of preeclampsia incidence. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;196:324.e1-324.e5. DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2006.11.028 [DOI]
25. 25. Hutcheon J, Lisonkova S, Joseph KS. Epidemiology of pre-eclampsia and the other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2011;25;391–403. DOI:10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2011.01.006 [DOI]
26. 26. Shiozaki A, Matsuda Y, Satoh S, Saito S. Comparison of risk factors for gestational hypertension and preeclampsia in Japanese singleton pregnancies. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research. 2013; 39(2):492-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1447-0756.2012.01990.x. [DOI]
27. 27. Lecarpentier E, Tsatsaris V, Goffinet F, Cabrol D, Sibai B, Haddad B. Risk Factors of Superimposed Preeclampsia in Women with Essential Chronic Hypertension Treated before Pregnancy. PloS one. 2013; 8(5): e62140. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0062140 [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb