Volume 15, Number 3 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Spring 2017)                   psj 2017, 15(3): 43-50 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.21859/psj-15037

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Najafi-Sharjabad F, Borazjani F, Avazzadeh Z. Investigation of prevalence and severity of premenstrual syndrome and its relationship with exercise among female students in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. psj. 2017; 15 (3) :43-50
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-301-en.html

1- Assistant Professor of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. , najafi246@gmail.com
2- Assistant Professor of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Paramedicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, Iran.
3- BSc Student of Public Health, Student Research Committee, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
Abstract:   (520 Views)

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a psycho-somatic problem, which occurs in the late phase of the menstrual cycle. Many women suffer from the symptoms of this syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of PMS and its relationship with exercise among the students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was designed in 2016 and 408 students were selected by the stratified random sampling from five faculties of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected through the standard premenstrual syndrome questionnaire (PMSQ) and international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 21.77± 2.45. And, the prevalence of PMS was 83.5%. Approximately 48, 41 and 11% of the participants had, respectively, weak, moderate and severe physical activity. There was no significant relationship between the frequency of PMS and physical activity (p=0.384), but the severity of anxiety (p=0.041), anger (p=0.012), migraine (p=0.018), abdominal blotting (p=0.042) decreased with doing physical activity.

Conclusion: The prevalence of PMS among the students was high. About half of them had weak physical activity. It seems that planning health education and physical activity programs can be effective in moderating the sumptoms of PMS.

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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Sciences
Received: 2017/01/4 | Accepted: 2017/05/4 | Published: 2017/07/3

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