Volume 16, Issue 3 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Spring 2018)                   psj 2018, 16(3): 67-74 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jabbari Vesal N, Rostampour N, Abbasali Pourkabir R, Nikzad S. Investigating the Effect of Magnetic Field on Cortisol, Blood Sugar, Triiodothyronine and Thyroxin Hormones in Rat . psj. 2018; 16 (3) :67-74
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-402-en.html
1- Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3- Department Of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , s.nikzad@umsha.ac.ir
Abstract:   (251 Views)
Background and Objective: The widespread use of electromagnetic waves in human life has required the scientific research in the effects of these waves on the health of living beings. Due to the widespread use of these waves and the contradictory results in various researches, more comprehensive investigations are needed in this field. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 100µT magnetic fields on blood sample parameters such as: Cortisol, Blood Sugar, Triiodothyronine, and Thyroxin hormones in rat.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 24 male rats (7-8 weeks old). The animals were randomly divided into two equal groups: experimental group and control group. The experimental group was exposed in a 100 micro-Tesla magnetic field, and control group was exposed in the quasi field in the same conditions. At the end of the experiment, all rats were scarifies, and blood samples were drawn.
Results: Statistical analysis indicated that there were significant differences between both experimental and control groups on Cortisol (P<0.001), Blood Sugar (P<0.001) and Triiodothyronine (P<0.026). There was no significant effect on Thyroxin.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated significant decreases in the level of Cortisol and blood glucose and an increase in the level of Triiodothyronine hormones due to the magnetic fields. Since Cortisol is a hormone that can affect blood pressure and blood sugar, these variations can effect on human health.
Full-Text [PDF 844 kb]   (75 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/10/4 | Accepted: 2018/04/8 | Published: 2018/05/23

References
1. Myung CG, Chan JP. Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the reproductive system. Clin Exp Reprod Med 2013; 39 (1): 1–9. [DOI]
2. Goldsworthy A. The biological effects of weak electromagnetic fields. 2007. Available on: www.goldsworthy- bio-weak-em-0.7.doc. 1-15.
3. Sieron A, Cieslar G. Application of variable magnetic fields in medicine-15 years’ experience. WiadLek 2003; 56: 434-441.
4. Hassan BF. Sub chronical effects of electromagnetic field exposure of adult female rats on some hormonal, biochemical and hematological parameters. Diyala Agr Sci J 2011; 3(1): 47-53.
5. Volkow ND, Tomasi D, Wang GJ, Fowler JS, Telang F, Wang R, Alexoff D, Logan J. Wong C, Pradhan K, et al. Effects of low-field magnetic stimulation on brain glucose metabolism. Neuroimage 2010; 51: 623–628. [DOI]
6. Hussein AM. Effect of magnetic field on metabolism and enzyme activity on some harmful insects. Minufiya J of Agric Res 2015; 1:999-1009.
7. Beck BJ, drzejowska SH, Cholewka A, Król W, Drzazga Z. An effect of extremely low frequency magnetic field on immunoglobulin G Concentration in serum. Pol J Envir Stud 2005; 14: 439-445.
8. Koh EK, Ryu BK, Jeong DY, Bang IS, Nam MH. A 60-Hz sinusoidal magnetic field induces apoptosis of prostate cancer cells through reactive oxygen species. Int J Radiat Biol 2008; 84 (11): 945–955. [DOI]
9. Nikzad S, Mahmoudi G, Amini P, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M, Vahdat-Moaddab A, Sharafi SM, Hojaji-Najafabadi L, Hosseinzadeh A. Effects of radiofrequency radiation in the presence of gold nanoparticles for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. J Renal Inj Prev 2016; 6(2):103-108. [DOI]
10. Davis S, Mirick DK, Stevens RG. Residential Magnetic Fields and the Risk of Breast Cancer. Am J Epidemiol 2002; 155:446– 454 .
11. Amara S, Abdelmelek H, Salem MB, Abidi R, Sakly M. Effects of Static Magnetic Field Exposure on Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Rats. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 2006; 49(6): 889-895.
12. Belova NA, Acosta-Avalos D. The Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Alternating Magnetic Field on the Behavior of Animals in the Presence of the Geomagnetic Field. J Biophys 2015. pmid:26823664. pmcid:PMC4707359. [DOI]
13. Shabazi Gahrouei D, Koohian F, Koohian M. changes of Cortisol and Glucose concentrations in Rats exposed to MR imaging field, J Biomed Phys Engm 2013;3(1): 9-12.
14. 14. Lewczuk B, Redlarski G, Zak A, Ziółkowska N, Przybylska-Gornowicz B, Krawczuk M. Influence of electric, magnetic,and electromagnetic fields on the circadian system: current stageof knowledge. Biomed Res Int 2014. pmid:25136557. pmcid: PMC4130204. doi:10.1155/2014/169459
15. Woldańska-Okońska M, Czernicki J, Karasek M. The influence of the low-frequency magnetic fields of different parameters on the secretion of cortisol in men. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2013; 26(1):92-101. [DOI]
16. Bonhomme-Faivre L, Mace A, Bezie Y, Marion S, Bindou-la G, Szekely AM, et al. Alterations of biological parameters in mice chronically exposed to low frequency (50 Hz) electromag-netic fields. Life Sci 1998; 62(14):1271–80.
17. Reiter RJ. A review of neuroendocrine and neurochemi-cal changes associated with static and extremely low fre-quency electromagnetic field exposure. Integr Physiol Behav Sci 1993; 28(1):57–75.
18. Hedges-Dawson W, Massari C, Salyer DL, Lund-Trent D, Hellewell JL, Johnson AC, et al. Duration of transcranial magnetic stimulation effects on the neuroendocrine stress response and coping behaviour of adult male rats. Prog Neu-ropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2003; 27(4):633–8. [DOI]
19. Mostafa RM, Mostafa YM, Ennauceur A. Effects of expo-sure to extremely low-frequency magnetic field of 2G intensity on memory and corticosterone in rats. Physiol Behav 2002; 76(4–5):589–95.
20. Burchard JF, Ngujen DH, Richard L, Block E. Biological effects of electric and magnetic fields on productivity of dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1996; 79(9):1549–54. [DOI]
21. Thompson JM, Stormshak F, Lee JM, Hess DL, Painter L. Cortisol secretion and growth in ewe lambs chronically exposed to electric and magnetic fields of 60 Hz, 500-kilovolt AC trans-mission line. J Anim Sci 1995; 73(11):3274–80.
22. Youbicier-Simo BJ, Simo BJ, Boudard F, Cbaner C, Bas-tide M. Biological effects of continuous exposure of embryos and young chickens to electromagnetic fields emitted by video display units. Bioelectromagnetics 1997; 18(7):514–23.
23. Koyu A, Cesur G, Ozguner F, Akdogan M, Mollaoglu H, Ozen S. Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field on TSH and thyroid hormones in rats. Toxicol Lett 2005 4; 157(3):257-62. [DOI]
24. Safaa M, Abo El-Soud, Hussein AM, Rady KE, Allam SA. Magnetic Field Effects on Some Physiological Aspects of Male Albino Rats. Egypt J Chem Environ Health 2016; 2 (2): 211 -219.
25. Magin RL, Lu S, Michaelson SM. Stimulation of dog thyroid by local application of high intensity microwaves. Am J Physiol. 1977; 233(5): 363-8. [DOI]
26. Lotz WG, Podgorski RP. Temperature and adrenocortical responses in rhesus monkeys exposed to microwaves. J Appl Physiol 1982; 53: 1565–1571. [DOI]
27. Shayryar HA, Lotfi A, Ghodsi MB, Karami AR. Effects of 900MHz Electromagnetic fields emitted from a cellular phone on the T3and T4 and Cortisol levels in Syrian Hamsters. Bull vetr Inst Pulawy 2009; 53: 233-236.
28. Dalia AM, Elnegris HM. Histological study of thyroid gland after experimental exposure to low frequency electromagnetic fields in adult male Albino rat and possible protective role of Vitamin E. J Cytol Histol 2015; 6: 374.
29. Sieron A, Konencki J, Ciesar G, Szkilnik R, Nowak P, Norasl L, Kwiecinski A, Kostrazewa RM, Brus R. Effect of low frequency electromagnetic fields on (3H) Glucos uptake in rat tissues. Polish J of Environ stud 2007; 10(2): 309-312.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb