Volume 16, Issue 4 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Summer 2018)                   psj 2018, 16(4): 28-36 | Back to browse issues page


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Rostami M, Amirian H, Eskandari B, Zarei M. Evaluating the Socioeconomic Inequality in Cigarette Smoking among the Rural Areas of Hamadan City (Using the Concentration Index). psj. 2018; 16 (4) :28-36
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-407-en.html
1- Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2- Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Shabestar, Iran , hosseinamirian99 @yahoo.com
3- Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (330 Views)
Background and Objectives: Smoking or second hand smoke is a basic problem in public health and it is a preventable cause of non-communicable diseases and premature deaths.  The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco consumption and the socioeconomic inequality in rural areas of Hamadan city.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from September 2012 to February 2013. The multi-stage cluster sampling was used and a total of 350 subjects were recruited. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire. Socioeconomic statuses were calculated on the basis of wealth score by using principle component analysis.The concentration index and concentration curve were used to measure and illustrate socioeconomic inequalities. P_value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: The prevalence of self-reported current smoking (1+ cigarettes per day) in men was 42.01% (95% CI: 36.72- 47.30). The mean number of cigarettes per day was 11.11±8.1. The concentration index in current smoking was -0.11 (95% CI: -0.21, - 0.01) that shows inequity distributed and significant disproportionately concentrated among the lower economic levels.
Conclusions: The results showed that the prevalence of cigarette smoking in this region was high and socio-economic inequalities were significant. These inequalities reduced by improving educational opportunities, fair income distribution, health-related behaviors.
Full-Text [PDF 307 kb]   (106 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Biostatistic & Epidemiology
Received: 2017/11/5 | Accepted: 2018/07/25

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