Volume 18, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Autumn 2019)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2019, 18(1): 7-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Ezazi L, Safaeyan S, Sobhani Rad D, Tayarani Niknezhad H, Rajaee P, Zavi M, et al . Comparing the Word Definition Skill between Children with Cochlear Implant and Normal Children. Pajouhan Sci J 2019; 18 (1) :7-14
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-524-en.html
1- M.Sc of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- M.Sc of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , sdh1368@yahoo.com
3- PhD of Speech and Language Pathology,Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4- PhD of Linguistics,Implant Center of Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran
5- Bachelor of Science Student of Speech And Language Pathology, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (5158 Views)
Background and Objective: Word definition is a linguistic and metalinguistic skill related to the development of language, academic success and intellectual function. There is a little research in the field of word definition in children with cochlear implant (CI) in Iran. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine and compare the word definition in children with CI with normal children.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 22 children with CI and 22 normal children aged 6 to 8 years were selected in an available manner to assess the word definition by using the test conducted by Mohammadi and et.al (2009). The inclusion criteria included being monolingual, congenital impairment, using of the CI device, operating up to three years of age, the presence of any comorbidity and getting the early intervention. Exclusion criteria included the lack of cooperation of the examinee. It was used SPSS v.19 for statistical analysis. Mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum scores were calculated. Also, it was used, the Mann-Whitney test to determine the significant differences of the scores of variables.
Results: The normal group gained the highest scores in the three section, functional (p = 0.003) and structural (p <0.001) aspects, and have a higher score in the total word definition test (p <0.001).
Conclusion: The weakness of hearing in impaired children in vocabulary definition skill demonstrate their semantic and syntactical deficits. There were aligned studies with our results in specific language impairment which are expected to be considered by speech and language pathologists (SLPs) in their interventional planning.
Full-Text [PDF 750 kb]   (775 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2019/08/26 | Accepted: 2019/10/9 | Published: 2019/10/2

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