Volume 19, Issue 3 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Spring 2021)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2021, 19(3): 12-18 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rajabiyan Z, Talebi N. Effect of a Selected Exercise Program on Physical Literacy and Body Composition of Elementary School Girls with Overweight and Obesity. Pajouhan Sci J 2021; 19 (3) :12-18
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-721-en.html
1- MSc in Physical Education,Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran , nahidtalebiir@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2212 Views)
Background and Objective: Physical literacy refers to one's capacity to adopt  a healthy and physically active lifestyle. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a selected exercise program on physical literacy and body composition of overweight and obese elementary school girls.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted based on a pre-test-post-test design and a control group. A number of 30 elementary school girl students (age range of 7-12 years old) with overweight and obesity were selected by purposive sampling method. Thereafter, they were randomly assigned to two groups of experimental and control (n=15 in each group). The experimental group practiced selected sports activities in 12 60-minu sessions for 8 weeks. Before and after the intervention, the physical literacy questionnaire scale was completed by the subjects and the body composition status (height, weight, fat percentage, muscle mass percentage) was assessed. Data analysis was performed using analysis of covariance and dependent t-test.
Results: The obtained results pointed to a significant increase in body literacy level and muscle mass percentage, as well as a significant decrease in total body weight, body mass index, and fat percentage of the subjects (P≤ 0.05).
Conclusion: As evidenced by the results of the present study, it can be concluded that the intervention of selected sports activities has been effective in the improvement of  physical literacy and body composition of students.
Full-Text [PDF 879 kb]   (2651 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Medicine & Clinical Sciences
Received: 2021/06/14 | Accepted: 2021/05/31 | Published: 2021/05/31

References
1. Roper HP. Child and adolescent obesity: causes and consequences, prevention and management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. [DOI:10.1258/jrsm.96.6.312-a] []
2. Fadaei Chafy MR, Rahmani-Nia FP, Mohebbi HP, Maddah SM. Effect of aerobic exercise on insulin resistance index and body composition during puberty in obese boys. Journal of Applied Sports Physiology. 2017;12(23):29-42. (Persian)
3. Stice E, Presnell K, Shaw H, Rohde P. Psychological and behavioral risk factors for obesity onset in adolescent girls: a prospective study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2005;73(2):195. [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.195] [PMID]
4. Whitehead M. Definition of physical literacy and clarification of related issues. ICSSPE Bulletin. 2013;65:1-2.
5. Whitehead M. Physical literacy: Philosophical considerations in relation to developing a sense of self, universality and propositional knowledge. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. 2007;1(3):281-98. [DOI:10.1080/17511320701676916]
6. Valadi S, Hamidi M. Studying the level of physical literacy of students aged 8 to 12 years. Research on Educational Sport. 2020;8(20):205-26.
7. Sum KW, Wallhead T, Ha SC, Sit HP. Effects of physical education continuing professional development on teachers' physical literacy and self-efficacy and students' learning outcomes. International Journal of Educational Research. 2018;88:1-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijer.2018.01.001]
8. Longmuir PE, Boyer C, Lloyd M, Yang Y, Boiarskaia E, Zhu W, et al. The Canadian assessment of physical literacy: methods for children in grades 4 to 6 (8 to 12 years). BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):1-11. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-2106-6] [PMID] []
9. Longmuir PE. Understanding the physical literacy journey of children: the Canadian assessment of physical literacy. Sport Science and Physical Education. 2013;65:12.
10. Longmuir PE, Tremblay MS. Top 10 research questions related to physical literacy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2016;87(1):28-35. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2016.1124671] [PMID]
11. Cairney J, Dudley D, Kwan M, Bulten R, Kriellaars D. Physical literacy, physical activity and health: Toward an evidence-informed conceptual model. Sports Medicine. 2019;49(3):371-83. [DOI:10.1007/s40279-019-01063-3] [PMID]
12. Holler P, Jaunig J, Amort FM, Tuttner S, Hofer-Fischanger K, Wallner D, et al. Holistic physical exercise training improves physical literacy among physically inactive adults: a pilot intervention study. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1):1-4. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-019-6719-z] [PMID] []
13. Longmuir PE, Woodruff SJ, Boyer C, Lloyd M, Tremblay MS. Physical Literacy Knowledge Questionnaire: feasibility, validity, and reliability for Canadian children aged 8 to 12 years. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(2):1-11. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-018-5890-y] [PMID] []
14. Nikkho A, Imanikalvari N. Determining the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Canadian physical literacy knowledge questionnaire (2-PLKQ) in children aged 8 to 12 years in Miyaneh city. 8th Scientific Conference on Educational Sciences and Psychology, Social and Cultural Disabilities, Tehran, Iran; 2020.
15. Francis CE, Longmuir PE, Boyer C, Andersen LB, Barnes JD, Boiarskaia E, et al. The Canadian assessment of physical literacy: development of a model of children's capacity for a healthy, active lifestyle through a Delphi process. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2016;13(2):214-22. [DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0597] [PMID]
16. Horowitz L, Röst CC. Helping hyperactive kids--a sensory integration approach: Techniques and tips for parents and professionals. Virginia: Hunter House; 2007.
17. Merchant AT, Dehghan M, Behnke-Cook D, Anand SS. Diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children in poor and rich neighbourhoods: a cross-sectional comparison. Nutrition Journal. 2007;6(1):1-7. [DOI:10.1186/1475-2891-6-1] [PMID] []
18. Alves AS, Venancio TL, Honorio SA, Martins J, Manuel C. Multicomponent training with different frequencies on body composition and physical fitness in obese children. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 2019;91(4):e20181264. [DOI:10.1590/0001-3765201920181264] [PMID]
19. Zakavi I. Effect of twelve weeks combined exercise (Aerobic-Resistance) on plasma levels of myostatin in obese adolescents. Sport Physiology. 2015;7(27):101-18.
20. Izadi V, Haghighatdoost F, Moosavian P, Azadbakht L. Effect of low-energy-dense diet rich in multiple functional foods on weight-loss maintenance, inflammation, and cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2018; 37(5):399-405. [DOI:10.1080/07315724.2017.1412275] [PMID]
21. Niu Y, Zhao XL, Ruan HJ, Mao XM, Tang QY. Uric acid is associated with adiposity factors, especially with fat mass reduction during weight loss in obese children and adolescents. Nutrition & Metabolism. 2020;17(1):1-7. [DOI:10.1186/s12986-020-00500-9] [PMID] []
22. Akçinar F, Eroglu B. An investigation of the effect of aerobic and aerobic-submaximal exercises on body mass index in adolescents at the risk of obesity. African Educational Research Journal. 2020;8(1):110-20. https://doi.org/10.30918/AERJ.81.20.027 [DOI:10.30918/AERJ.81.20.026]
23. Hassan EN, Zaki ST, Masry SE, Mohsen MN, Elashmawy E. Impact of balanced caloric diet and Physical activity on body composition and fat distribution of obese Egyptian adolescent girls. Journal of American Science. 2010;6(11):832-42.
24. Tartibian B, Kushkestani M, Ebrahimpour Nosrani S. The effect of 12-week endurance training on lipid profiles and fat percentage of overweight girls. New Approaches in Sport Sciences. 2019;1(1):189-200.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb