Volume 14, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Autumn 2015)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2015, 14(1): 64-71 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Najafi Vosogh R, Roshanaei G, Khazaei S, Safari M, Zahiri A, Bothaei J. Study of Tuberculosis epidemiology and its affected factors in Hamadan province, during the years 2007-2013. Pajouhan Sci J 2015; 14 (1) :64-71
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-182-en.html
1- Student of Biostatistics, Students Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , gh.roshanaei@umsha.ac.ir
3- MSc of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- MSc of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5- BSc of Public Health, Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Deputy of Health Services, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (6484 Views)

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB), as the most common cause of death from infectious disease in the world, is estimated to rank 10th in view of the global burden of disease. Due to the increasing prevalence of this disease and reduce the incidence of smear-positive pulmonary TB in the province, this study was designed to investigate the TB epidemiology and its affected factors in Hamadan province.

Methods: In this study, 842 patients with TB during 2007 to 2013 referred to the health centers of the province were studied. All information of patients, including age, gender, place of residence and patients’ condition, were collected. Data was analyzed by Chi-square test using SPSS22 statistical software.

Results: The mean age of patients was 54.01±21.75. Of patients, 425 individuals (50.4%) were female. 2.1% of patients were infected with HIV, 579 (68.7%) with pulmonary TB and 412 (71.1%) were smear-positive cases. There was no significant relationship between gender and type of TB (P=0.81). Between place of residence (urban-rural) and the type of TB a significant relationship was found (P< 0.005). Age and type of TB, as well, showed statistically significant correlation (P<0.01).

Conclusion: In this study, most patients with TB were in the age group of over 70 years old. Therefore, it is recommended to do more accurate screening in this age group to reduce the incidence risk of disease. Considering the high prevalence of TB and HIV at the same time, training and preventive Proceedings to control tuberculosis is recommended.

Full-Text [PDF 439 kb]   (8456 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Biostatistic & Epidemiology
Received: 2015/07/29 | Accepted: 2015/10/18 | Published: 2016/04/23

1. Nasehi M, Mirhaghani L. National tuberculosis control guide. Tehran:Andishmand Publisher;2009. 5-21. (Persian)
2. The sixteenth global report on tuberculosis 2011. Available from: http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global _report/2011/gtbr11_executive_summary.pdf.
3. World Health Organization. Tuberculosis and diabetes; Collaborative framework for care and control oftuberculosis and diabetes. 2011. Available from: http://www.who.int./tb/publications/2011.
4. Gholami A, Moosavi L. Incidence rate of extra pulmonary tuberculosis in Urmia city during 2004-2007. Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty. 2010;8(2):83-89. (Persian)
5. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2012 (WHO/HTM/TB/2012.6). Geneva:The Organization;2012.
6. Mandell GBJ, Dolin R. Principles and practice of infectious disease. 6th Ed. Edinburgh, New York:Elsevier Churchill Livingstone;2005.
7. Arsang S, Kazemnejad A, Amani F. Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Iran (2001-2008). Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2011;13(3):86-87. (Persian)
8. Khazaei S, Kousehlou Z, Karami M, Zahiri A, Bathaei J. Time to sputum conversion among patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis and its determinants: A retrospective cohort study in Hamadan Province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2013;9(1):32-40. (Persian)
9. TB situation in Iran.1nd ed. Tehran. Deputy Health Center for Disease Control Ministry of Health and based retrospective study;2008.
10. Gupta S, Shenoy VP, Mukhopadhyay C, Bairy I, Muralidharan S. Role of risk factors and socio_economic status in pulmonary tuberculosis: A search for the root cause in patients in a tertiary care hospital, south India. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2011;16(1):74-78.
11. De Alencar Ximenes RA, Souza WV, Montarroyos UR, Diniz GT, Luna CF, Rodrigues LC. Is it better to be rich in a poor area or poor in a rich area? A multilevel analysis of a case_control study of social determinants of tuberculosis. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2009;38(5)1-10.
12. Portero Navio JL, Rubio Yuste M, Pasicatan M. Socio_economic determinants of knowledge and attitudes about tuberculosis among the general population of Metro Manila, Philippines. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2002;6(4):301-306.
13. Beiranvand R, Ghalavandi S, Delpisheh A, Sayemiri K, Salmanzadeh S. Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in south_west of Iran: A brief report. Tehran University Medical Journal. 2014;72(4):263-267. (Persian)
14. Farchi S, Mantovani J, Borgia P, Giorgi Rossi P. Tuberculosis incidence, hospitalisation prevalence and mortality in Lazio, Italy, 1997-2003. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2008;12(2):193-198.
15. Jamshidi K, Peyman H, Pakzad I, Delpisheh A. Trends and some risk factors for incidence of Tuberculosis in Ilam province (Western Iran). 2011;19(3):32-42. (Persian)
16. Ebrahimzadeh A, Sharifzadeh GR, Eshaghi S. The epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Birjand (1996-2006). Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2009;16(1):31-38. (Persian)
17. Sofian M, Zarinfar N, Mirzaee M, Nejad A. Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Arak, Iran. Koomesh. 2009;10(4):261-266. (Persian)
18. Moosazadeh M, Moradynejad M, Nasehi M, Bahrami S. Tuberculosis epidemic in Mazandaran. 18th National Congress on Tuberculosis. Sanandaj-Iran;2007. (Persian)
19. Khazaei S, Roshanaei G, Saatchi M, Rezaeian S, Zahiri A, Bathaei SJ. The epidemiological aspects of Tuberculosis in Hamadan province during 2005-2011. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 2014;2(2):75-80. (Persian)
20. Amani F, Bashiri J, Sabzevari A, Garousi B, Nahan MN. Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Ardabil, 2001-2005. 2007;7(3):236-241. (Persian)
21. Kiani F, Shahrakipoor M, Kiani M, Kahekhai A. The effect of some demographic, social and economic follow up of tuberculosis patients attending health centers in Zahedan city, 1996. Journal of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2001;9(36):12-19. (Persian)
22. Saatchi M, Roshanaei G, Khazaei S, Zahiri A, Bathaei J. Assessment of epidemiology extra pulmonary Tuberculosis in Hamadan province 2006-2012. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2014;12(3):1-11. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
23. Setoudeh ME, Fararoei M. Incidence of tuberculosis in cities of Fars. The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 1999;3(3):67-74. (Persian)
24. Moradi G, Eftekhar AH, Rahimi A, Esmaielnasab N. Evaluation of pulmonary Tuberculosis patients diagnosed in province Kurdistan from 2001-2002. Journal of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine. 2006;11(34):49-53. (Persian)
25. Mohamadi Azni S, Mansourian A, Nokandeh Z. Epidemiological study of Tuberculosis in Damghan city (Iran) during 2003-2007. Koomesh. 2008;9(4):315-320. (Persian)
26. Khazaei S, Roshanaei Gh, Kousehlou Z, Zahiri A, Mohammadian Hafshejani A, Salehiniya H. Assessment of related factors on delay in diagnosis of patients with smear_positive pulmonary Tuberculosis. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2015;33(332):1-8. (Persian)
27. Mohammadpour A, Fani M, Motalebi M, Shams H. Epdmiolgy of Tuberculosis disease during 1993-2001 in Gonabad city. 2002;8(1):45-51. (Persian)
28. Rafii S, Sedaghat M, Anvari R, Hessam H, Nosrati H, Mofidi A, editors. Smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Golestan. 18th National Congress on Tuberculosis;2007. (Persian)
29. Gholami A, Gharah Ar, Mousavi Jl, Sadaghianifar A. Epidemiologic survey of pulmonary Tuberculosis in Urmia city during 2004-2007. 2009;4(3):19-23. (Persian)
30. Sreeramareddy CT, Panduru KV, Verma SC, Joshi HS, Bates MN. Comparison of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Nepal-a hospital-based retrospective study. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2008;8(1):1-8.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb