Volume 16, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Autumn 2017)                   psj 2017, 16(1): 33-41 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kavosi A, Alizadeh Z, Rezapoor Z, Movahedi A, Moeini V, Mohammadi G. Survey of the level of stress and coping strategies in students of in school of medicine of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences in 2016. psj. 2017; 16 (1) :33-41
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-274-en.html
1- Department of Operating Room, Faculty Member of Neyshabur University of medical sciences, Neyshabur, Iran.
2- Student of Anesthesia, Student Research Committee, Neyshabur University of medical sciences, Neyshabur, Iran.
3- Department of Anesthesia, Faculty Member of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
4- Department of Operating Room, Faculty Member of Neyshabur University of medical sciences, Neyshabur, Iran. , mohammadigh@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3788 Views)
Background and Objectives: In Current world, everyone experiences stress somehow in his daily life. Since student life can be considered as a new status, it can be a precursor to a variety of stress for students. Ineffective coping causes more stress, incompatibility and the occurrence of disorders and psychological problems. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the level of stress and its coping strategies among the students of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences in 2016.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive and analytical study, 178 students of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences (2016) were recruited randomly by the stratified sampling method into the study. Data were collected using a three-part questionnaire including social demographic information (15 items), measuring the level of stress with DASS-21(21 items) and Lazarus way of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ) (66 items). The data were analyzed using SPSS24 software by means of descriptive, Fisher t-test and ANOVA analyses.
Results: The results showed that 139 of the students had abnormal stress. Most sources of stress among the students were teachers’ theory performance (44%) and teachers’ clinical performance (42%). It was also found that the most common coping styles among students were emotional-centered coping styles (33.00 ± 9.98). The T-test showed a significant difference between married and emotional-centered coping styles (p<0.05). The Fisherchr('39')s exact Test indicated significant differences between the level of stress with field and average students (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The main method coping styles among the students was the emotional-centered coping style. Considering that the mental health of medical science students is important because of their role in clinical settings caring for patients, planning to teach proper coping strategies is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 861 kb]   (984 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry
Received: 2016/09/21 | Accepted: 2017/02/25 | Published: 2017/11/8

1. 1. Niknami M, Dehghani F, Bouraki S, Kazemnejad L, Soleimani R. Coping Strategies among Students of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Holistic Nursing And Midwifery Journal. 2014;24(74):62-8. (Persian) [DOI]
2. 2. Namdar AH, Ebrahimi H, Sahebihagh MH, Arshadi BM. Mental Health Status and Its Relationship with Academic Achievement in Students of Tabriz Nursing-Midwifery School. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2013;13(2):146-52. (Persian) [DOI]
3. 3. Tabrizizadeh M, Yasini Ardakani SM, Rostamzade P, Zare M. The Mental Health Status of Students of Medicine and Dentistry A Study in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Strides in Development of Medical Education. 2013;9(2):153-61(Persian). [DOI]
4. 4. Abasi A, Kamkar A, Bageri G, Anbari A. The survey of mental health students in the Yasoj University of Medical Sciences. Teb Tazkieh. 2002;10(4):34-7(Persian). [DOI]
5. 5. Sadeghian E, Heidarian Pour A. Stressors and mental health status among students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of hayat. 2009;15(1):71-80. (Persian) [DOI]
6. 6. Bereimnejad L, Azar KA, Haji AP, Rasooly F. The Investigation of thr points of view of nursing in term five and afterwards about effective factors on the development of clinical education. journal of medical education. 2004;1(10):64-5. (Persian) [DOI]
7. 7. Weinstein CE. Assessment and training of student learning strategies: Springer; 1988. [DOI]
8. 8. Tully A. Stress, sources of stress and ways of coping among psychiatric nursing students. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2004;11(1):43-7. [DOI]
9. 9. Burnard P, Edwards D, Bennett K, Tothova V, Baldacchino D, Bara P, et al. A comparative, longitudinal study of stress in student nurses in five countries: Albania, Brunei, the Czech Republic, Malta and Wales. Nurse Education Today. 2008;28(2):134-45. [DOI]
10. 10. Esfandiari G. Stress factors and their relation with general health in students of Kurdistan university of medical sciences in year 1999. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2001;5(2):17-21. (Persian) [DOI]
11. 11. Chang EM, Bidewell JW, Huntington AD, Daly J, Johnson A, Wilson H, et al. A survey of role stress, coping and health in Australian and New Zealand hospital nurses. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2007;44(8):1354-62. [DOI]
12. 12. Rozmus CL, Evans R, Wysochansky M, Mixon D. An analysis of health promotion and risk behaviors of freshman college students in a rural southern setting. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2005;20(1):25-33. [DOI]
13. 13. Taghavi Larijani T, Ramezani F, Khatoni A, Monjamed Z. Comparison of the sources of stress among the senior Nursing and Midwifery Students of Tehran Medical Sciences Universities. Hayat. 2007;13(2):61-70. (Persian) [DOI]
14. 14. Nasirzadeh R, Rasoulzadeh TS. Religious beliefs and coping strategies in students. Journal of Ofogh Danesh. 2009;15(2):36-46. (Persian) [DOI]
15. 15. Hasanshai M, Daraei M. The effect of coping styles on mental health: The balancing effects of psychological hardiness. Knowl Res App Psychol. 2006;26: 77– 98. (Persian) [DOI]
16. 16. Shaikh BT, Kahloon A, Kazmi M, Khalid H, Nawaz K, Khan N, et al. Students, stress and coping strategies: a case of Pakistani medical school. education for health-abingdon-carfax publishing limited. 2004;17:346-53. (Persian) [DOI]
17. 17. Lin YM, Chen FS. A stress coping style inventory of students at universities and colleges of technology. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education. 2010;8(1):67-72. [DOI]
18. 18. Heydari M, Shaykhi R. The effect of problem solving course on students stress intolerance. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. 2011;13(2):32-7. (Persian) [DOI]
19. 19. Kim Y, Seidlitz L. Spirituality moderates the effect of stress on emotional and physical adjustment. Personality and individual differences. 2002;32(8):1377-90. [DOI]
20. 20. Shankar PR, Balasubramanium R, Ramireddy R, Diamante P, Barton B, Dwivedi NR. Stress and coping strategies among premedical and undergraduate basic science medical students in a Caribbean medical school. Education in Medicine Journal. 2014;6(4):48-56. [DOI]
21. 21. Shiferaw H, Anand S, Nemera G. Stress and Coping strategies among generic and nursing students of Jimma University South West Ethiopia. International Journal of Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Research. 2015;2(7):511-7. [DOI]
22. 22. Inanloo M, Baha R, Seyedfatemi N, Hosseini AF. Stress Coping Styles among Nursing Students. Hayat. 2012;18(3):66-75. (Persian) [DOI]
23. 23. Mohammadinia N, Rezaei M, Heydarikhayat N, Sharifipoor H, Darban F. Assessing stressors and coping styles in medical sciences students. Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management. 2012;1(1):9-16(Persian). [DOI]
24. 24. Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour research and therapy. 1995;33(3):335-43. [DOI]
25. 25. Sahebi A, Asghari MJ, Salari RS. Validation of depression anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21) for an Iranian population. Iranian Psychologists. 2005;4(1):299-313. (Persian) [DOI]
26. 26. Moradipanah F. Effect of light music on depression, anxiety and stress (dass-21) for Iranian population [Master degree]. Iran Tarbiyat Modarres University of Tehran. 2005. (Persian) [DOI]
27. 27. Akbari M, Nejat A, Dastorani S, Rouhani A. Evaluation of stress level and related factors among students of Mashhad Dental School (Iran) in academic year of 2008-2009. J Mash Dent Sch. 2011;35(3):165-76. (Persian) [DOI]
28. 28. Nafarzadeh Sh, Haj ahmadi M, moudi S , mosaferi S. Evaluation of Stress Level and Its Related Factors in Dentistry Students of Babol University of Medical Sciences (2013-2014). journal of babol university of medical sciences. 2014;16(12):48-53. (Persian) [DOI]
29. 29. Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress, appraisal, and coping: Springer publishing company; 1984. [DOI]
30. 30. Najafi Kalyani M, Pourjam E, Jamshidi N, Karimi S, Najafi Kalyani V. Survey of stress, anxiety, depression and self-concept of students of Fasa University of medical sciences, 2010. Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences. 2013;3(3):235-40. (Persian) [DOI]
31. 31. Rezaei AM, Azadi A, Ahmadi F, Vahedian AA. Comparison of depression, anxiety, stress and quality of life in dormitories students of Tarbiat Modares University. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2007;2(4,5):31-38. (Persian) [DOI]
32. 32. Bamuhair SS, Al Farhan AI, Althubaiti A, Agha S, Ibrahim NO. Sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students enrolled in a problem-based learning curriculum. Journal of Biomedical Education. 2015;2015:1-8. [DOI]
33. 33. Nancy R. Stress and coping strategies among nursing students. Nurs Midwifery Res J. 2011;7:141-51. [DOI]
34. 34. Younas A. Levels of Stress and Coping Strategies Used by Nursing Students in Asian Countries: An Integrated Literature Review. The Journal of Middle East and North Africa Sciences. 2016;2(4):50-7. [DOI]
35. 35. Abazeri F, Abbaszadeh A, Arab M. Stress rate and stressors in nursing students. Strides in Development of Medical. 2003;1(1):23-31. (Persian) [DOI]
36. 36. Barikani A. Stress in medical students. Journal of medical education. 2009;11(1,2):41-44. (Persian) [DOI]
37. 37. Hamaideh SH. Stressors and reactions to stressors among university students. International journal of social psychiatry.2009;57(1):69-80. (Persian) [DOI]
38. 38. Rafatei F, Shafiei N, Sharif F, Ahmadi J. The effect of psychological status of students on their academic progress. journal of shahid sadoughi university of medical sciences and health services. 2003;11(3):80-86. (Persian) [DOI]
39. 39. Sohail N. Stress and academic performance among medical students. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2013;23(1):67-71. [DOI]
40. 40. Raji M, Firozbakht M, Bahrami S, Madmoli Y, Bahrami N. Assessment of Clinical Stressful Factors Among Academic Students of Nursing and Operating Room of Dezful University of Medical Sciences (2015). Community Health. 2016;3(2):111-8. (Persian) [DOI]
41. 41. Bakhshi H, Mohammadi M. Stress life events among students of Rafsanjan Mdical Sciences University 2002. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2002;7:24. (Persian) [DOI]
42. 42. Mohammadzadeh J, Khosravi A, Akbary M. Mental health and its determinants among students of Ilam University, Iran. Health system research. 2012;8(5): 799- 805. (Persian) [DOI]
43. 43. Jahani HH, Rahimzadeh MS, Ghafelehbashi H, Sarichlou M. Investigating the mental health of the first-and last-year students of QUMS (2005). J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2008;12(2):42-49. (Persian) [DOI]
44. 44. lotfi M, Aminian A, Noori M, Ghomizade A, Zare M. survey of the status of mental health students 2002-2006 years in Yazd University of Medical Sciences. Teb va Tazkiyeh. 2005;16(3&4):49-56. (Persian) [DOI]
45. 45. Karami S, Pirasteh A. Survey of the status of mental health in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. The Scientific journal of Zanjan University medical of sciences. 2001;9(35):66-73. (Persian) [DOI]
46. 46. Abazari F, Arab M, Abbaszadeh A, Rashidinejad M. A Study Determining the Various Sources of Stress in Nursing Students of Rasht, Mashhad, Zahedan and Shiraz in the Year 1379 (2000). J Shahid sadoughi Univ Med Sci Health Serv. 2002;10:91-7. (Persian) [DOI]
47. 47. Hepp U, Moergeli H, Buchi S, Wittman L. Active problem–Focused coping might be inadequate in acute stress. Psychother Psychosom. 2005;74(6):379-86. [DOI]
48. 48. Samari A, Lalifaz A, Askari A. An investigation on supportive resources and coping styles with stressors in university students. The quarterly journal of fundamentals of mental health. 2007;8(31-32): 97-107. (Persian) [DOI]
49. 49. Aghamohammadian H, Pazhekhzade S. Comparison analysis of stressors and coping strategies in students. Journal of Psychology. 2002;6(2):135-48. (Persian) [DOI]
50. 50. Wang W, Kong AWM, Chair SY. Relationship between job stress level and coping strategies used by Hong Kong nurses working in an acute surgical unit. Applied Nursing Research. 2011;24(4):238-43. [DOI]
51. 51. Rezakhani S. Students cope with stress and normal interpolation strategies questionnaire. Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education. 2011;6:83-103. (Persian) [DOI]
52. 52. Masoudnia E. Impact of Perceived Vulnerability on Student’s Coping Strategies in Stressful Situations: An Appraisal of Health Belief Model. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2015;3(3):63-75. (Persian) [DOI]
53. 53. Panahi S. Investigate the relationship between marital status and use of coping strategies in students Khorasgan Azad University. First International Conference on Psychology and Educational Sciences. 2015. (Persian) [DOI]
54. 54. Niknami M, Dehghani F, Bouraki S, Kazemnejad E, Soleimani R. An assessment of the stressors and ways of coping in Iranian medical sciences students. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research. 2015;20(4):521. (Persian) [DOI]
55. 55. Inanloo M, Baha R, Seyedfatemi N, Hosseini AF. Stress Coping Styles among Nursing Students. Journal of hayat. 2012;18(3):66-75. (Persian) [DOI]
56. 56. Sarveghad S, Barzegar M, Balaghi T. The relationship between personality charactristics and dimentions of perfectionism and coping style in male and female Marvdasht Azad University student. Journal of Sociology and Social Sciences. 2011;2(3):81-102. [DOI]
57. 57. Shirazi M, Khan MA, Khan RA. Coping strategies: a cross-cultural study. Romanian Journal of Psychology, Psychotherapy and Neuroscience. 2011;1(2):284-302. [DOI]
58. 58. Kasayira JM, Chipandambira KS, Hungwe C, editors. Stressors faced by university students and their coping strategies: A case study of midlands state university students in Zimbabwe. 2007 37th Annual Frontiers In Education Conference-Global Engineering: Knowledge Without Borders, Opportunities Without Passports; 2007: IEEE. [DOI]
59. 59. Masoudnia E. Perceived self-efficacy and coping strategies in stressful situations. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2008;13(4):405-415. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb