Volume 19, Issue 2 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal,Winter 2021)                   psj 2021, 19(2): 50-57 | Back to browse issues page


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Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Jalili C, Safarian A, Vaezi M, Saadatfar A, Jalilian F. Self-handicapping: A Cross-Sectional Study on Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. psj. 2021; 19 (2) :50-57
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-670-en.html
1- PhD of Health Education and Promotion, Islamic Studies and Health Sciences Interdisciplinary Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2- PhD of Anatomy, Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3- 3 Student of Medical Doctor, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4- 4 PhD in Health Education & Promotion, Head of KUMFPCD, Department of Para Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Kateb University; Kabul, Afghanistan
5- 5 Urologist, Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
6- 6 PhD in Health Education and Promotion, Islamic Studies and Health Sciences Interdisciplinary Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (769 Views)
Background and Objective: Self-handicapping is a set of behaviors to externalize failures and internalize success. The present study aimed to determine the status of self-handicapping and its association with some academic variables among students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 296 students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. The participants were selected via random sampling and probability proportional to size sampling. Data were collected using a self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed in SPSS software (Version 16) using descriptive and analytical tests at 95% confidence level.
Results: The mean age of students was reported as 22.21±2.10 (age range of 18-years). The mean score of self-handicapping was 16.64±3.48, which indicated that the participants obtain 66.56% of the maximum score of self-handicapping. Dental students were engaged in more self-handicapping, compared to other students (P=0.011). Moreover, it was shown that married students self-handicapped more than single students (P=0.025), and older students obtained higher scores in self-handicapping (r=0.144; P= 0.025).
Conclusion: Due to the fact that students gained more than 50% of the maximum self-handicapping score, it is essential to plan relevant intervention programs and conduct further studies to identify the effective causes of self-handicapping.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry
Received: 2021/03/13 | Accepted: 2021/02/28 | Published: 2021/02/28

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