Volume 18, Issue 1 (Pajouhan Scientific Journal, Autumn 2019)                   Pajouhan Sci J 2019, 18(1): 30-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirzaee M, Khoshhal Z. Development of Syllable Structure in Azeri-speaking Children. Pajouhan Sci J 2019; 18 (1) :30-36
URL: http://psj.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-521-en.html
1- MSc. student of speech therapy, faculty of rehabilitation, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , majidmirzaee7121@gmail.com
2- MSc of speech therapy, lecturer in speech & language pathology, faculty of rehabilitation, Tabriz University of medical science
Abstract:   (4869 Views)
Background and Objective: The length and complexity of syllable structure in the utterances of the children increase with ageing. According to the role of the syllable in the speech process, performance of developmental studies on syllable acquisition in children are essential. The present study aimed to investigate the development and attainment of syllable structure and the distribution of syllable pattern in Azeri-speaking children.
Materials and Methods: This longitudinal study was conducted on seventeen Azeri-speaking children (18-24 months old) selected by the cluster sampling method from Tabriz’s kindergartens and followed for 6 months. A researcher-made vocabulary sheet, vocabulary list, and verbal play were used to record children's expressive vocabulary. After collecting each child's vocabulary list, the target vocabulary was classified by syllable number and syllable structure. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics.
Results: In children aged 18 and 19 months, 67% of vocabulary words were monosyllable, 24% bisyllable, and 9% more than bisyllable. The highest amount of syllable pattern production for monosyllable and bisyllable was CVC (36%) and CVCV (52%), respectively. Distribution of syllable patterns changed with age, as well as patterns became more complex. In these two months, the rate of usage of open and closed syllables was 35% and 65%, respectively; this ratio was constant with age.
Conclusion: The children produced coda consonants before they were able to distinguish vowel length. Closed syllables were earned earlier than the vowel length, and obstruent consonants at the syllable coda position before sonorant consonants. At first, the children were not able to distinguish vowel length, but with age, they showed short and long vowels representation.
Full-Text [PDF 801 kb]   (627 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2019/09/11 | Accepted: 2019/10/8 | Published: 2019/10/2

1. Kkhoshhal Z, Jahan A, Mirzaee M. Investigation of most frequent words of Azari-speaking children aged 18 to 24 months. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2017;15(2):32-39 (Persian). [DOI]
2. Kehoe MM, Stoel-Gammon C. Development of syllable structure in English-speaking children with particular reference to rhymes. Journal of child language. 2001;28(2):393-432. [DOI]
3. Aichert I, Ziegler W. Syllable frequency and syllable structure in apraxia of speech. Brain and language. 2004;88(1):148-159. [DOI]
4. Jarosz G, Calamaro S, Zentz J. Input frequency and the acquisition of syllable structure in Polish. Language acquisition. 2017;24(4):361-399. [DOI]
5. Samareh Y. Syllable. In: Nilipour R, Tabibzadeh O, editors. The phonetic of Persian language: Sounds and syllable structure. 12th ed. thehran: Markaz nashr daneshgahi; 2015. pp.108-177. (Persian) [DOI]
6. Stoel-Gammon C. Relationships between lexical and phonological development in young children. Journal of Child Language. 2011; 38(1):1-34. [DOI]
7. Fikkert P. The Acquisition of Syllable Structure: the Rhyme. In: Even CJ, Lahiri A, editors. On the acquisition of prosodic structure. First ed. Dordrecht: Holland Institute of Generative Linguistics; 1994. pp.126-180. [DOI]
8. Demuth K, Fee EJ. Minimal prosodic words in early phonological development. Second edition. Ms, Brown University and Dalhousie University; 1995. [DOI]
9. Levelt CC, Schiller NO, Levelt WJ. The acquisition of syllable types. Language acquisition. 2000;8(3):237-264. [DOI]
10. Salidis J, Johnson J. The production of minimal words: a longitudinal case study of phonological development. Language Acquisition. 1997;6(1):1-36. [DOI]
11. Vihman M. The development of prosodic structure: A usage-based approach. In: Prieto P, Esteve-Gibert N, editors. The Development of Prosody in First Language Acquisition. First ed. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2018. pp. 185-206. [DOI]
12. Jahan A. voice onset time in Azerbaijani consonants. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2009;10(3) (Persian). [DOI]
13. Abdi M. Grammar of Turkish Language. first ed; 2016. 81 and 153 p (Persian). [DOI]
14. Fenson L, Marchman V, Thal D. MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: user’s guide and technical manual. second ed: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company; 2007. [DOI]
15. Fey M, Gandour J. Rule discovery in phonological acquisition. Journal of child language. 1982 9(1):71-81. [DOI]
16. Clara CL, Niels OS, Willem JML. A Developmental Grammar for Syllable Structure in the Production of Child Language. Brain and Language. 1999;68(1-2):291–299. [DOI]
17. Buder EH, Crary A, Stoel-Gammon C. Acquisition of tense and lax high front vowels: duration and quality. Poster presented at the Annual American Speech-Language Hearing Association Convention; November; San Antonio, Texas 1998. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Pajouhan Scientific Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb